Birds at Woolston Eyes

The Bird species recorded and summaries from our Annual Reports can be viewed below;

Click here to view the full Woolston Eyes Conservation Group 2015 Annual Report

Click here to view a summary of the most recent Birds of Conservation Concern, BoCC4 2015, list

A systematic list (following the BOU taxonomy) of the bird species reported at Woolston Eyes can be seen by clicking the link below;

…Woolston Eyes Recorded Bird List - Revision January 2015

A list of the species recorded at Woolston Eyes in the BOU order and photographs follows; Click on an image to enlarge it. The status of the bird and the penultimate published annual report data accompanies each species.

 
001 Mute Swan
001  Mute Swan
David Waterhouse

Cygnus olor

Status: BoCC4 moved from green to amber-listed. Breeding bird, resident and found throughout the year.

2015 Records - A more successful breeding season than 2014 and the late spring and summer build-up in numbers, first noted last year, was repeated in 2015.

Counts in January peaked at 28 on the 18th and 31 were on the Reserve during the 7th March WeBS. The first nest was seen at Latchford Locks on 12th April and another pair was seen nest building on No.3 bed five days later. A third pair was at a nest near Woolston Weir on 22nd April, a long-standing breeding site.

The first young (two) were reported from Latchford Locks on 30th May, and a pair with one small cygnet was on No.3 bed on 5th June. Two days later a pair with five small young was on the Ship Canal near the Ferry while on 22nd June two pairs, each with one cygnet, were present on No.3 bed. Two other broods were observed, one on 23rd June near Bollin Point and one of four small young just to the west of Latchford Locks. It is not known where these pairs bred. The outcome of the nest near Woolston Weir is not known, although a pair with a large cygnet could have been that nesting pair. No breeding occurred on the Loop of No.4 bed this year.

The influx of Mute Swans on to No.3 bed occurred once again, with high numbers remaining until early August. The count of 52 on 15th July may well be a record for the Eyes. Some birds left in the second half of August, but by October high counts were once again reported, with 36 across the Reserve on 6th November and 46 on 13th December.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 28, Feb 17, Mar 31, Apr 22, May 28, June 42, Jul 52, Aug 39, Sep 20, Oct 36, Nov 36, Dec 46

Photograph of a family party from No3 Bed 25/05/2013

 
002 Bewick's Swan

Cygnus columnbianus bewickii

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed. Rare vagrant visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last report of Bewick Swan on the Reserve was 16/12/1995.

No Woolston image avaialable

 
003 Whooper Swan
003  Whooper Swan
Mark Battersby

Cygnus cygnus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, an infrequent winter visitor to Woolston but occurs annually.

2015 Records - Four flew down the Mersey from Woolston Weir on 23rd December and later in the morning were relocated near Paddington.

Photographed from John Morgan hide No.3 Bed 26/01/2013

 
004 Pink Footed Goose
004  Pink Footed Goose
David Spencer

Anser brachyrhynchus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed species more often observed in large skeens flying over the Reserve but also an irregular visitor in winter months.

2015 Records - The usual movements were reported in both winters, with ten over No.3 bed on 3rd January being the first. Forty flew south-east on the 10th January, followed by 160 flying west over No.4 bed on the 19th. The only other early-year sighting was also in January when 500 flew west on the early morning of the 31st.

Later in the year 400 (in two skeins) flew west over No.3 bed on 10th October and 70 went east three days later. The highest count of the year was of two impressive skeins totalling 630 birds which flew west over No.3 bed on 16th October. Two hundred to the west on 31st October, 250 west on 7th November and 300 in the same direction on 21st November ended a fairly typical year.

Image from the No.3 bed scrapes in front of John Morgan Hide 4th May 2016

 
005 White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

Status: BoCC4 moved straight from green to red-listed, a rare winter visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last record of White-Fronted Goose on the reserve was 27/11/1993.

No Woolston image available

 
006 Grey Lag Goose
006  Grey Lag Goose
Dave Bowman

Anser anser

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a breeding species on the Reserve and seen in each month of the year with numbers increasing although ours are undoubtedly of feral origin. The wild, migratory population, which occurs in the north of the UK, is currently amber-listed.

2015 Records - There was a further increase in numbers this year, with Greylag Geese recorded in every month. Breeding pairs also showed a slight increase.

During January birds were reported on only four dates, with no more than four seen. Eighteen were on No.3 bed on 10th February, but there were only four other double-figure counts up to late March. By then two pairs were noted, with the first brood of nine small young appearing on No.3 bed on 18th April. A second brood of 13 young was reported two days later, and a third of six on 23rd April. On 28th April four broods were on No.3 bed with a total of 28 young. A fifth brood of six tiny goslings followed on No.3 bed on 3rd May and a sixth on 18th May. Intriguingly, two broods were present on the Mersey Oxbow below No.3 bed on 15th May and it is not clear whether these were broods that had moved off No.3 bed or from pairs that had bred alongside the river. Clearly a minimum of six pairs bred. It is not known how many young fledged but in late May two separate broods of large goslings were regularly grazing on the paths in the centre of No.3 bed. After the breeding season Greylags were ever present, with up to 34 in August, but it was from late September that the highest numbers were seen, with 60 on 29th and 30th September increasing to a record count for Woolston of 74 on 6th October. This coincided with peak numbers of Canada Geese. In the final two months only single-figure counts were made, with just one record of two in December.

A young bird was caught and ringed on 13th June, the first ever at Woolston.

Photographed on No3 Bed 23-02-2013

 
007 Canada Goose
007  Canada Goose
Alan Debenham

Branta canadensis

Status: Breeds on the reserve and present all year with highest numbers present from autumn to year end.

2015 Records - A common resident, with a record number of pairs breeding and some high counts in September and October. Canada Geese were present in every month. They were relatively scarce for most of January until a total of 38 was noted on the 31st on No.3 bed and the Loop of No.4 bed. In early February 78 were present on the Eyes and 77 on 29th March.

The first evidence of breeding was on 2nd April when one was seen on a nest on No.3 bed, while on 11th April a bird was also on eggs on No.1 bed. The first broods (of seven and two young) appeared on No.3 bed on 30th April and in all a total of 12 broods was reported: eight on No.3 bed, two on the Loop of No.4 bed and two on the River Mersey. The outcome of the nest on No.1 bed is not known. The number of confirmed breeding pairs is double that of 2014, which was then a record. Many of the young fledged.

As always, the peak counts were made in the autumn, with 128 on 20th August, 320 on 18th September and 350 on 8th October. After this, numbers fell, with relatively few present in the final two months.

Photograph from No3 Bed 06/05/2012

 
008 Barnacle Goose
008  Barnacle Goose
David Bowman

Branta leucopsis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings reported during the year. The last records on the reserve was of one seen in front of the John Morgan Hide on 30th April 2013 and another single sighting in 2012.

Photo from No3 bed 21/01/2017

 
009 Brent Goose

Branta bernicla

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare vagrant visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last record of Brent Goose on the reserve was 14/02/1993.

No Woolston image avaialable

 
010 Egyptian Goose
010 Egyptian Goose
David Spencer

Alopochen aegyptiaca

Status: A rare visitor to Woolston Eyes

2015 Records - One flew on to No.3 bed on 4th April from the north-east before carrying on to the west. This is the second year in succession that this species has appeared at Woolston.

Photograph from No3 Bed 06/04/2014

 
011 Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna ferruginea

Status: Rare visitor to the Reserve

2015 records - no sightings submitted. The last record on the reserve was 24/03/1995.

No Woolston image available

 
012 Shelduck
012  Shelduck
Andy Weir

Tadorna tadorna

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed. Breeds on or nearby the Reserve as broods are noted but nest sites have never been reported. Common until autumn when numbers fall sharply.

2015 Records - Another good year with records from every month and many pairs breeding.

During January only single-figure counts were submitted, but numbers steadily built up to 20 on 25th February and 15 were on the Loop of No.4 bed on 3rd March. Mid-April brought counts of 30 on the 14th and a record for the Reserve of 33 on the 18th. By then many were paired up, with four pairs alone on the Loop of No.4 bed on 30th April and 13 birds there the following day.

The first brood, of eight young, appeared on No.3 bed on 29th May, with a second of nine young on the old river below the footbridge on 1st June. Sadly, by the 4th June only one of the young from this brood had survived. A further four broods were seen, three on No.3 bed and the other on the Mersey below the Loop of No.4 bed. The total of six broods is the same as in 2014. How many young fledged is hard to assess for although both adults usually remain with the young some were observed feeding away from their brood, leaving them vulnerable to predators such as the Lesser Black-backed Gulls. One of the last broods to hatch on No.3 bed, however, almost certainly fledged, with the five young first seen on 15th June still alive on 24th July, when nearly full grown.

In most years Shelduck numbers fall by August and 2015 was no exception. No more than one or two were reported in September and October, with a maximum of four in November and seven in December.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 01/03/2014

 
013 Mandarin Duck
013  Mandarin Duck
Brian Burnett

Aix galericulata

Status: Irregular visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - No records were submitted this year after successive sightings in 2014 and 2013.

Photograph from No3 Bed off footbridge 10/11/2013

 
014 Wigeon
014  Wigeon
David Spencer

Anas penelope

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, Wigeon are predominately autumn/winter visitors to Woolston with small numbers present most commonly from Sep to Mar.

2015 Records - In the first three months there were maxima of six in January, two in February and four in March. There were then no sightings between 29th March and 14th July. Two females on No.3 bed on 15th July were followed by four on 5th September. Up to six were present on No.3 bed on many October dates, with a maximum of 20 on the 28th. Ten were reported on 22nd and 24th November, with six on 25th December the highest of the 17 records submitted in the final month.

Photo from No. bed 24/11/2014

 
015 Gadwall
015  Gadwall
Andy Weir

Anas strepera

Status: A BoCC4 amber-listed species, Woolston numbers are seen throughout the year but are noted to build from June to November.

2015 Records - Another very good year for this amber-listed duck and although peak counts were below last year’s record, they were still of national importance. Breeding numbers showed a pleasing improvement on the poor showing in 2014.

The year began with regular counts in excess of 30, including 41 on 18th January and 70 on 5th February. On 6th March 50 were flushed from the isolated north-east pools on No.3 bed, an area favoured by Gadwall throughout the year, and 63 were present the following day. Up to 15 were also resident on the Loop of No.4 bed. By April many were paired and three pairs were observed displaying on the Loop on 1st May.

A nest with three eggs was found on the east bank of No.3 bed on 15th May, two pairs were flushed from suitable habitat on No.1 bed and a pair from the centre of No.2 bed three days later. From then on broods appeared with great regularity, the first on No.3 bed on 29th May. June and early July saw the peak of Gadwall broods with a total of 16 reported: 11 on No.3 bed, one on the Loop of No.4 bed, one on the Ship Canal and three others on the Weir Basin, the Mersey by No.1 bed and No.2 bed. As mentioned earlier, the north-east pools of No.3 bed were a much favoured area during the breeding season, with five broods alone located there. After the poor showing in 2014 (six broods) this year was helped, in part, by the new hide on No.3 bed which provides excellent viewing of the north-east pools and channels.

The large gatherings of adults reported from mid-summer in recent years occurred once again in 2015, with significant counts of 110 on 16th May, 285 on 16th June, 400 on 25th June and the year’s maximum of 539 on the evening of 29th June. Numbers remained at a high level into July, when 525 were present on No.3 bed on the 13th and 352 on 3rd August. After this numbers fell to levels present in the first few months, with maxima of 80 in October, 34 in November and 52 in December.

The count of 539 in late June is of national importance and only just below the qualifying level for International Importance. Monthly maxima:

Jan 41, Feb 70, Mar 63, Apr 78, May 110, Jun 539, Jul 525. Aug 352, Sep 76, Oct 80, Nov 34, Dec 52.

Photograph of a male and female pair from No3 Bed 08/06/2013

 
016 Teal
016  Teal
Andy Weir

Anas crecca

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed this small duck is very abundent at Woolston in the winter periods but less so in the summer months.

2015 Records - A largely uneventful year in terms of wintering birds, but the ringing team on No.3 bed caught nationally significant numbers in the duck trap. Unlike 2014, breeding was not proved.

The high count in December 2014 was repeated in January with 1150 present on 18th January WeBS. At that time it was particularly cold and Teal were frozen out of cover. Numbers remained at this level with 1000 across the Reserve four days later. Slightly fewer were present during February when birds began to depart to their East European and Russian breeding grounds. Even so, the March WeBS found 472 still on the Reserve. During April up to nine pairs were on No.3 bed, with others observed on the Loop of No.4 bed. In May and June pairs were seen in cover along the undisturbed north-eastern pools and channels, but without any confirmation of breeding.

Returning Teal appeared from mid-August, but in the very mild final months no more than 300-400 were present and the peak count was only 456 on 13th December.

A total of 121 was ringed on No.3 bed during the year, 79 of which were drakes. Sixty-five were subsequently re-trapped, four of which were ringed in the first winter period of 2014. With the national total of ringed Teal in 2014 being 497 the importance of the duck ringing programme at Woolston is obvious.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 1150, Feb 780, Mar 472, Apr 88, May 2, Jun 5, Jul 13, Aug 80, Sep 222, Oct 377, Nov 400, Dec 456.

Photograph from No3 Bed 08/06/2013

 
017 Green-winged Teal
017  Green-winged Teal
Hazel Rothwell

Anas crecca carolinensis

Status: Rare winter visitor.

2015 records - no sightings submitted. The last record of Green-winged Teal on the reserve was 16/12/2016.

Photograph from No.3 Bed on 29/11/2016

 
018 Mallard
018  Mallard
Douglas Buchanan

Anas platyrhynchos

Status: Despite its familiarity, Mallard is a BoCC4 amber-listed species but is common throughout the Reserve all year round.

2015 Records - With both winter periods largely mild, numbers of Mallard were about or slightly below average; high counts traditionally being in prolonged cold spells. It was a good breeding season with many broods reported.

The highest count at the start of the year was 177 on 18th January when the weather was cold, and some of the pools were frozen. Similar numbers were present in early February. The first brood was seen on 18th April and was one of 29 reported widely across the Reserve. They were distributed as follows: seven on No.3 bed, seven on the Loop of No.4 bed and also seven on the Mersey. Six were noted on the Ship Canal and single broods on the Sandpit Pond and No.1 bed. Interestingly, the majority of broods appeared in June and July, suggesting that nests and young may well have been lost in the cold wet weather in May.

There were only three counts in excess of one hundred in the second half of the year, with a maximum of 143 on 16th December. The ringing team on No.3 bed trapped 16 Mallard (ten males and six females) between 18th February and 8th April. In addition another 12 were retrapped, of which five were first ringed in 2014.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 177, Feb 174, Mar 62, Apr 80, May 14, Jun 98, Jul 117, Aug 88, Sep 95, Oct 116, Nov 86, Dec 143.

Photograph of male and female pair from No3 Bed 16/09/2014

 
019 Pintail
019  Pintail
Brian Burnett

Anas acuta

Status: A BoCC4 amber-listed duck predominately an autumn/winter visitor, not as common as it once was but occurs irregularly annually in small numbers.

2015 Records - This elegant duck is a very scarce visitor to the Eyes. There were just two records in the first half of the year, three (a drake and two females) on 20th March and two drakes and a female on 20th April. There were then many records, mainly of single birds, between late August and late November, but three were noted on two dates in September and one date in November. The maximum count was of four on No.3 bed on 8th October.

Photograph of male and female from No3 Bed February 2011

 
020 Garganey
020  Garganey
David Bowman

Anas querquedula

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed species a scare passage and summer visitor to Woolston but generally recorded annually.

2015 Records - There were more records than usual of this scarce, summer visitor, beginning with a drake on No.3 bed on 24th April. Another drake was seen by four different observers on 22nd May and the same (or another) on 16th and 18th June. An eclipse male was present on 9th July in the north-east pools on No.3 bed and the same observer had four sightings of at least two Garganey in sheltered pools inside the east bank of No.3 bed in late August, one of which was thought to be a juvenile. The possibility that breeding could have taken place cannot be ruled out.

Photograph from No3 Bed 22/05/2015

 
021 Shoveler
021  Shoveler
Dave Bowman

Anas clypeata

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed species found on the Reserve in numbers in the winter periods but less so in the summer months although small numbers can be seen.

2015 Records - Numbers of this duck were relatively low throughout the year and the large autumn passage, which was once a feature of the Woolston year, has not occurred for several years. Breeding though was proved for the first time in many years.

Very few Shoveler were seen in the first three weeks of January, but an arrival saw 18 on No.3 bed on the 24th, increasing to 31 on 7th February and 37 on 19th February. The peak spring count was of 57 on the 7th March WeBS count and this proved to be the maximum Shoveler count in 2015.

A small number remained into the spring and early summer, with three pairs reported on 9th June in the remote channels and pools of the north-east corner of No.3 bed. Three days later a drake was found on the Loop of No.4 bed and it was there that a female with a brood of eight very small young appeared. This brood was still intact two days later but, sadly, was never seen again. This is the first proved breeding at Woolston since 2007.

For the remainder of the year numbers were well below average with 29 on 17th October and 24 on 11th November the highest counts submitted.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 18, Feb 37, Mar 57, Apr 29, May 10, Jun 8, Jul 9, Aug 9, Sep 14, Oct 29, Nov 24, Dec 16.

Photograph of a male from No3 Bed 21-02-2014

 
022 Pochard
022  Pochard
Alan Debenham

Aythya ferina

Status: A BoCC4 movement from amber to red-listed species. Woolston holds good numbers in the early part of the year which reduce during the breeding season but recorded in all months.

2015 Records - Woolston is an important breeding site for this declining species, which was recently moved from the amber list to the red list. Although peak counts remain well below the levels of even five years ago there was an improvement on those of 2014, but the number of proved breeding pairs showed a slight decrease on last year.

In January 30 on the 25th was the maximum but, as so often, it was February which saw numbers rise to a peak of 82 on the 19th (73 on the favoured No. 3 bed) and to the highest count of the year of 95 on 3rd March. Many Pochard remained well into the spring and early summer, with 23 (18 drakes) noted on 7th June. The first brood appeared on the Loop of No.4 bed on 24th May, followed by another on No.3 bed four days later. Six further broods were reported, in June five on No.3 bed, and the other on the east pool of No.1 Bed. The total of eight broods was two short of those seen in 2014.

Numbers fell dramatically after the breeding season, with only five records between the beginning of August and the end of October. There were no reports of Pochard in November and no more than three were seen in December.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 30, Feb 82, Mar 95, Apr 49, May 19, Jun 23, Jul 7, Aug 5, Sep -, Oct 2, Nov -, Dec 3

Photograph of a male from No3 Bed 04/04/2014

 
023 Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
023  Ring-necked Duck
Alan Patterson

Aythya collaris

Status: Rare winter vagrant.

2015 records - no sightings submitted. The last record on the reserve was on 21st April 2011.

Male photographed No3 Bed 21st April 2011

 
024 Ferruginus Duck

Aythya nyroca

Status: Rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last record of this species at Woolston was 15/12/2000.

No Woolston image available

 
025 Tufted Duck
025  Tufted Duck
Chris Monks

Aythya fuligula

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, is abundant at Woolston in the winter periods less, numerous in the breeding season but present all year.

2015 Records - Tufted Duck were present in high numbers in the first two months and many broods were reported in the breeding season.

Large gatherings of Tufted Duck always coincide with cold weather and in such conditions 504 were present on the Reserve on 14th January. Numbers increased in early February to a maximum of 879 on the 7th. A high proportion was in the Bollin Point area at the east end of the Eyes. Big flocks remained throughout February, with 652 on the 19th and 444 on the 25th. A March peak of 306 on the 10th was followed by 221 on 1st April and 116 on 29th April.

Fifty-one adults were noted on No.3 bed on 3rd June, with six pairs on the Loop of No.4 bed the following day. The first brood was seen on No.3 bed on 15th June and the last new brood on the Loop of No.4 bed on 12th August. In all a minimum of 21 broods was reported (16 broods in 2014). Fourteen of these were on No.3 bed, six on the Loop of No.4 bed and one on the Mersey by Woolston Weir.

In August and September, Tufted Duck were relatively scarce and numbers only began to increase in October and November. The exceptionally mild December did not bring any large gatherings, the maximum being 260 on the 16th.

On 2nd August the ringing team on No.3 bed caught a juvenile in a mist net set for waders. This is only the second Tufted Duck to be ringed at Woolston, following a drake in 2014.

Monthly maxima:

Jan 504, Feb 879, Mar 306, Apr 221, May 20, Jun 51, Jul 40, Aug 19, Sep 44, Oct 170, Nov 256, Dec 260.

Male & Female photographed from No3 bed

 
026 Scaup

Aythya marila

Status: BoCC4 red-listed is a rare winter visitor.

2015 Records - no records were submitted this year, the three records from 2012, all of single birds, at Woolston Weir Pool on 29th October and on No3 Bed on 13th November and 23rd December were the last sightings reported.

No winter image available

 
027 Long-tailed Duck
027  Long-tailed Duck
Douglas Buchanan

Clangula hyemalis

Status: BoCC4 movement straight from green to red-listed species is a rare winter vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records received this year. The last records on the reserve go back to 2013 when a female was found on No.3 Bed on 25th February, the first since February 1988. Prior to that there had been sightings of females in 1979 and 1981. On 1st March the bird relocated to the river to the north of No.1 Bed where it remained for two weeks before returning briefly to No.3 Bed on 18th March. It was not seen again there but on 30th March it re-appeared on the river at Bollin Point. There were three further sightings in this area on 17th and 22nd April and finally on 1st May.

Photograph of female from No3 Bed 25/02/2013

 
028 Common Scoter

Melanitta nigra

Status: BoCC4 red-listed species is a rare winter visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last record for the reserve was 16/11/1996.

No Woolston image available

 
029 Goldeneye
029  Goldeneye
Andy Weir

Bucephala clangula

Status: A BoCC4 amber-listed species but a regular winter visitor especially favours Woolston Weir pool and the Ship Canal.

2015 Records - Another relatively poor year for this diving duck, with only single-figure counts in both winter periods. As always, the Woolston Weir basin produced the majority of records.

In the first three months, up to five were observed on many dates, with a maximum of six on 25th March. There were then no further reports until 2nd November, when a drake was present on the Weir Pool. This was followed by a further 20 records, including maxima of six on four November dates. Fewer were seen in December (no more than two) with the last sighting on the 26th when two drakes were present on No.3 bed, forced off the Weir Pool when the Mersey was in full spate after weeks of heavy rain.

Male & two female photograph from Woolston Weir Pool 26/01/2013

 
030 Smew

Mergellus albellus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, Smew are rare winter vagrants to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting on the reserve was 20/02/2003.

No Woolston image available

 
031 Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus sator

Status: BoCC4 green-listed and an infrequent wintor visitor to Woolston with the adjacent Ship Canal and Weir basin preferred locations.

2015 Records no records submitted. The last reserve record was 11/10/2003.

Photograph No Woolston image available

 
032 Goosander
032  Goosander
David Bowman

Mergus merganser

Status: BoCC4 green-listed but an irregular winter visitor on the Reserve, more likely to be found on the canal or adjacent River Mersey.

2015 Records - There were just three records of this infrequent visitor to the Eyes, all in the early months of the year. Two flew west along the Ship Canal on 7th February and a drake was seen flying over No.3 bed on 14th March. The only other sighting was of one found on 18th April WeBS count.

Photo of the first confirmed breeding of this species on the Reserve No1 Bed 03/06/2017

 
033 Ruddy Duck
033  Ruddy Duck
Andy Weir

Oxyura jamaicensis

Status: Becoming rare as a result of the International culling program but individuals have still been reported over recent years.

2015 Records - Despite the fact that the long-running cull has killed all but a few Ruddy Duck, there was a total of 93 records submitted between February and 1st September. No more than three adults were seen, down from the three drake and two female in 2014. One pair bred.

An adult drake on 25th February was the first and it was joined by an immature male two days later; this bird was never seen again. The adult drake was reported on many dates in March, with one observer seeing two drakes on the 25th. A single drake remained throughout April, but on 6th May a pair was present and three (the pair plus another drake) were seen on 12th May. This trio was noted on three other occasions, twice in late May and once in June. Most reports, however, were of either one or two drakes. On 9th July a pair was found on No.3 bed with three newly hatched young. This brood thrived and the three young were virtually fully grown when last seen on 30th August. The adult drake disappeared after 25th July and there were no sightings of the adult female after 8th August. From then on the young birds became elusive, with no records between 14th and 29th August. They were then located again on No.3 bed on the 30th with two (reported as “female types”) there two days later. These were the final sightings of the year.

Information supplied to the Recorder by the Agency responsible for the cull indicates that this was the only pair of Ruddy Duck known to have bred in the UK in 2015.

Photograph of two males from No3 Bed Tower hide 08/06/2013

 
034 Quail

Coturnix coturnix

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed and a rare Woolston visitor but has been noted by call on fly over migration and is recorded on passage in surrounding arable farmland.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was on 16/09/1986.

No Woolston image available

 
035 Red-legged Partridge

Alectoris rufa

Status: Historically rare and still scarce as there are only 9 records for the Reserve to date despite breeding populations on adjacent arable farmland to the north east.

2015 Records - Just one record was received from No.1 bed, where one was seen on 19th April. This is the second record in two years and the ninth ever at Woolston.

No Woolston image available

 
036 Grey Partridge

Perdi perdix

Status: BoCC4 red-listed species and an irregular visitor to the Reserve with only 2 records in 2012 but atypically 40 in 2011. A declining species particularly on the eastern side of the reserve where breeding populations exist on adjacent arable farmland, perhaps a consequence of the increasing scrub and tree cover there.

2015 Records - There were only two sightings this year. On 1st September two were on Butchersfield Tip and the only other record was from the Migration Watch on 31st October when five were seen to the north on Rixton Moss.

No Woolston image available

 
037 Pheasant
037  Pheasant
Andy Weir

Phasianus colchicus

Status: common sighting on and around the Reserve.

2015 Records - The year began with a Reserve-wide count of six on 8th January and on the 12th a total of 14 was at the feeding station on No.1 bed. The only other double-figure counts were from No.4 bed where eleven were present on 4th April. Three were reported from No.2 bed on the same date so it seems likely that the whole Reserve held a total of around twenty. A Common Bird Survey of the northern half of No.4 bed on 10th May produced a count of 15 and this year’s population seems to be similar to that in 2014. The first evidence of breeding was on 15th July when two young were found on the north bank of No.4 bed. On 1st August a female with three small young was on the track leading to the Loop of No.4 bed and on the 13th two broods, each of two, were seen on No.1 bed. A nest with seven eggs was also found on No.2 bed but the outcome was not determined. As there was no evidence of breeding submitted in 2014, this represents an encouraging sign for a species that has been in decline in recent years.

Photograph of male from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 06/07/2013

 
038 Red-throated Diver

Gavia stellata

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a rare passage and winter visitor probably best sought on the adjacent Ship Canal and Weir basin.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last sighting was of one flying west along the Ship Canal on the unusual date of 16th May 2014.

No Woolston image available

 
039 Fulmar

Fulmarus glacialis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, rare storm blown vagrant.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last record of Fulmar was ???

No Woolston image available

 
040 Storm Petrel

Hydrobates pelagicus

Status:BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare storm blown vagrant.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last reported sighting of this species was on 14/09/1980.

No Woolston image available

 
041 Leach's Storm Petrel

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a very rare storm blown vagrant.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last record at Woolston dates back to 30/09/1978.

No Woolston image available

 
042 Cormorant
042  Cormorant
Douglas Buchanan

Phalacrocorax carbo

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common bird on the Reserve and surronding habitat and large numbers overflying.

2015 Records - In the early months of the year the maximum was 35 on the February WeBS count and later in the year 25 on 5th September. In the final months Cormorants were reported in smaller numbers than usual, with no more than 14 seen from October to December.

Photograph of a mature male from No3 Bed

 
043 Shag

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a rare vagrant visitor for the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report of Shag on the reserve was on 28/09/2001.

No Woolston image available

 
044 Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

Status: BoCC4 moved from red to amber-listed as a result of concerted conservation efforts nationally is a scarce winter visitor.

2015 Records - Given the potential of Woolston as a possible future breeding site, it is pleasing to report another sighting this year. On 2nd May, three fortunate observers watched one fly past them, early in the morning on No.3 bed. It flew past the No.3 bed footbridge towards No.2 bed and was not relocated.

No Woolston image available

 
045 Night Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Status: rare vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted, the last recorded sighting of Night Heron was on 26/05/1987.

No Woolston image available

 
046 Little Egret
046  Little Egret
David Mercer

Egretta garzetta

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to green-listed, an irregular spring-summer-autumn visitor which is reported a number of times annually.

2015 Records - Remains a scarce bird at Woolston, with 11 records, probably referring to just five individuals, between 7th July and 2nd September. Why this should be so is not clear. In fact, there were actually more sightings of the scarcer Great White Egret in 2015.

Photographed from the John Morgan hide No.3 Bed 22 July 2012 19:30

 
047 Great White Egret
047 Great White Egret
Andy Weir

Ardea alba

Status: Scarce visitor

2015 Records - There were 42 records submitted for the period mid-July to mid-September, probably involving no more than four or five birds. The first was seen on 18th July on No.3 bed where it remained until the 21st, moving on one day to the Loop of No.4 bed. In August another appeared on No.3 bed on the 8th and was present daily until the 24th. The following day it was joined by a second bird, with possibly a third also present. Over the next four days at least one was present, with two seen on 25th and 26th August. None were seen in the next three weeks until a single bird was present briefly on 17th September before leaving to the west.

Photograph from No.3 bed 16/08/2015

 
048 Grey Heron
048 Grey Heron
David Shallcross

Ardea cinerea

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a resident non breeding bird on the Reserve but found throughout the year.

2015 Records - Noted throughout the year, with no more than three reported in the first three months. During the late summer and autumn water levels were low on No.3 bed and this attracted many more Herons, with, for example, 14 on 25th August on No.3 bed and 13 on 30th August. Ten on 17th October WeBS was the only other double-figure count, but six to eight were reported on a number of dates up to the end of the year.

Photographed from John Morgan hide No.3 Bed 2012

 
049 Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia

Status:BoCC4 amber-listed species and a rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted, the last record of Spoonbill was on 27/05/2010.

No Woolston image available

 
050 Little Grebe
050  Little Grebe
Roy Peacock

Tachybaptus ruficollis

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a resident and breeding bird found throughout the year on the Reserve though scarce over the winter period.

in

2015 Records - The improved showing in 2014 continued this year with more broods seen for perhaps a decade or more.

Although normally scarce in the winter at Woolston, up to five were present in January and February, with trilling heard on several dates on No.1 bed. Numbers remained at this level during March, but an influx in April saw 15 on No.3 bed alone on the 17th, with others on No.1 bed and the Loop of No.4 bed. Certainly, at that time in excess of 20 Little Grebes were on the Eyes.

The first brood was, as in most years, seen on No.1 bed on 23rd May and during June and July further broods appeared at regular intervals. Later broods included one of three very small young on No.1 bed on 30th July and another of two small young on No.3 bed on 11th August. One of the latter was soon taken by a Lesser Black-backed Gull. In all, 13 broods were reported. Four, possibly five, pairs were present on No.3 bed, two pairs on No.4 bed and at least two on No.1 bed. There were many reports of large young being fed in August and into early September. High counts noted (adults and young) were 13 on 1st August on No.3 bed and 19 on the Reserve as a whole on 23rd August.

Photograph from No3 Bed 24/06/2013

 
051 Great Crested Grebe
051  Great Crested Grebe
Andy Weir

Podiceps cristatus

Status - BoCC4 green-listed, breeds on the Reserve and resident throughout the year.

2015 Records - A very well reported species which also had a good year at Woolston in 2015, with many broods seen.

Up to five were present in January but, as always, breeding birds began to return in February, with ten noted on the 11th and 16 on the 25th. A pair was displaying on No.3 bed on the 18th/19th February, and a second pair was nest building at Woolston Weir on the 23rd. At least five pairs settled to breed on No.3 bed, with a maximum count of 22 on the Reserve in mid-April. At that time two were on nests on No.3 bed, and single nests had sitting birds at the Weir Basin, the Mersey north of No.2 bed and on the river between Nos.3 and 4 beds.

During May and June broods appeared at regular intervals, with five on No.3 bed alone on 7th June. Other broods were subsequently seen on the Weir Basin and the Mersey, and one on the Ship Canal at Bollin Point. It is believed that a minimum of nine pairs bred. On No.3 bed up to three full-grown independent young were still present into early September.

For the rest of the year relatively few were reported and after eight in the 12th September WeBS no more than four were observed in the final months of the year.

Photographed from the Rotary Hide No.3 Bed July 2012

 
052 Black-necked Grebe
052  Black-necked Grebe
Steven Ellis

Podiceps nigricollis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed. Black-necked Grebes are widespread but scarce summer visitors to the UK. Woolston Eyes is a nationally important breeding site for this species. Best seen from March to August.

2015 Records - Fewer pairs bred this year and the peak number of adults was significantly less than the very successful 2014 breeding season.

Two on 9th March were the first to return, with one present until the 11th. In the following three weeks, no more than three were reported and it was early April before more arrived, with seven on the 4th, nine from the 10th – 17th and 15 on the 18th. The maximum count in April was 16 on the last three days of the month. Seventeen adults on 30th May was the highest count of the year (c.f. 31 in 2014).

By 7th May two birds were on nests on No.3 bed and the first brood (two young) appeared on 13th May. On 23rd May three broods were seen and a week later five broods were present. At that time a total of 22 was present, 17 adults and five young. A sixth brood was noted on 18th June and by 30th June 23 Black-necked Grebes were present on No.3 bed, 15 adults and eight young, seven of which were near or full grown. During the breeding season two pairs failed to breed, building nests which were later abandoned.

In all eight pairs were present, six of which bred successfully. It is thought that eight young fledged. This compares to 11 pairs and 15 young fledged in 2014.

The last adult was seen on 25th July, while the last juvenile remained until 11th August.

Pair photographed on No.3 Bed May 2013

 
053 Slavonian Grebe

Podiceps auritus

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a rare passage and winter vagrant for the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last Slavonian Grebe sighting was on 04/05/2001 and previous to that in February 1986.

No Woolston image available

 
054 Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare vagrant for the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last sighting of Red-necked Grebe was on 05/03/2011.

No Woolston image available

 
055 Red Kite
055  Red Kite
David Spencer

Milvus milvus

Species: BoCC4 green-listed, a rare passage visitor for the Reserve generally as a flyover sighting.

2015 Records - For the second successive year there was a sighting of this rare visitor when one was observed in flight over No.3 bed. It appeared from the east, on 28th March and was mobbed by three Buzzards before flying west along the north bank of No.3 bed.

Photograph from No.3 Bed of the flyover Red Kite on 25/04/2016

 
056 Honey Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed species but a very rare vagrant for Woolston.

2015 Records - no sightings reported. This species was last reported on 30/05/2003.

No Woolston image available

 
057 Marsh Harrier
057  Marsh Harrier
Douglas Buchanan

Circus aeruginosus

Status: A BoCC4 amber-listed species is recorded annually often staying for long periods in the winter and early spring.

2015 Records - This harrier is a scarce breeder in the north-west and we remain hopeful that we will eventually see it as an established breeder at The Eyes. From 15th February to mid-April a bird described as a female or immature was seen regularly on No.3 bed. Two females were present on 15th March and there were two reports of a single from No.4 bed which could well have moved across from No.3 bed. The only records after 22nd April were of one on No.3 bed on 8th May and a different individual on 27th May. There were no autumn records.

Distant photograph from John Morgan hide No3 Bed

 
058 Hen Harrier
058  Hen Harrier
David Humphries

Circus cyaneus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed species a rare, irregular winter visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - The reappearance of this heavily persecuted, red-listed species, after an absence of three years, was exciting. One appeared on No.3 bed on 23rd November and unusually it remained until the 25th, seen by a number of observers, showing well from the John Morgan Hide.

Photo from No.3 bed 23/11/2015

 
059 Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed and a very rare passage vagrant for Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report of Montagu’s Harrier was on 13/06/1993.

No Woolston image available

 
060 Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an infrequent visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - On 9th April a male and a female were reported from No.1 bed, soaring near the Viaduct before flying east. They were observed from a distance of about 50 metres. There were no reports in 2014 but occasional birds are seen most years.

No Woolston iamage available

 
061 Sparrowhawk
061  Sparrowhawk
Glen Ellis

Accipiter nisus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, reported throughout the year and regularly breeding on the Reserve.

2015 Records - The population of this resident raptor appears stable and this year’s records were fairly typical. Recorded throughout the year but there were only two sightings in June and July and three December reports, the latter possibly due to unsuitable weather at the time. Although most records were from No.3 bed there were sightings from all areas of the Reserve. The massive Starling roost at the beginning of the year attracted good numbers and there were reports of four on 31st January and 16th February with birds feeding on the Starlings as they came in to roost. No less than five were seen on 3rd March.

The first indication of breeding was on 14th March when a pair was seen displaying over the east bank of No.3 bed, whilst display was also reported over No.2 bed on 2nd April. On 3rd June a male was seen carrying prey onto the north bank of No.3 bed and a family party of four was in the same area on 6th August. A singe nest was found on No.1 bed which was predated by a squirrel after the first egg.

Later in the year four were on No.3 bed on 26th August but thereafter only ones or twos were reported until 21st November when five were over No.3 bed.

The ringing teams had a successful year with four males ringed on No.3 bed, one in March, one in September and two in October. Three were ringed on No.1 bed including, unusually, a female, only the sixth on the bed since 2002.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 10/12/2012

 
062 Buzzard
062  Buzzard
David Mercer

Buteo buteo

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a resident breeding species seen throughout the year and very regularly reported with double figure counts during autumn.

2015 Records - Now well established as a breeding species at Woolston, records were received throughout the year, starting on 1st January when nine were over No.3 bed. This was the maximum for the early months. On 14th February one was seen near the previous year’s nest site on No.3 bed whilst on 14th March a pair was observed displaying over the east bank of No.3 bed and on the same date a male was seen carrying prey in the same area. April began with a report of nine from the John Morgan Hide on the 4th whilst on the 8th six were soaring over No.3 bed, including a pair displaying over the south-east corner and in competition with Carrion Crows for a nest site in a tall Willow. One was seen dropping several times into trees near the previous year’s nest site on 17th April and on the 20th one was found on a nest on No.4 bed. Back on No.3 bed one was seen carrying prey on 5th May. Two nests were found. One on No.2 bed produced two young but it is not known if they eventually fledged but the nest on No.4 bed did fledge two young.

A juvenile was reported on No.3 bed on 16th July and two adults and one juvenile on the same bed on 1st August. An adult and two juveniles were on the Loop of No.4 bed on 12th August so it seems likely that two or three pairs bred successfully on the Reserve. In the summer months there were reports of birds taking Black-headed Gull chicks on No.3 bed.

There were no significant counts after the breeding season apart from a total of eleven reported from the Migration Watch on 5th September, not all of which were on the Reserve itself. None were recorded after 11th December but birds were almost certainly present to the year end.

Photograph of a bird soaring over John Morgan Hide on No.3 Bed 7th May 2016

 
063 Rough-legged Buzzard

Buteo lagopus

Status: rare vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last Rough-legged Buzzard sighting was on 18/03/2005.

No Woolston image available

 
064 Osprey
064  Osprey
David Bowman

Pandion haliaetus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed species and a rare passage vagrant, with only ten records on the Reserve.

2015 Records - slowly increasing in range, one was seen over No.4 bed in the early morning of 9th May at 7.20a.m. It flew across No.3 bed and along the north bank before flying off to the north-west. This is only the second sighting since 2009.##

Image is a quick snap-shot of a fly-over bird from the John Morgan Hide 4th May 2016

 
065 Kestrel
065  Kestrel
David Spencer

Falco tinnunculus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed after Buzzard, the second most common raptor sighted throughout the year.

2015 Records This species was scarce in January and February but there were sightings in every month apart from December. Reports came from all areas of the Reserve but mostly from the well-watched No.3 bed. During a Common Bird Survey on 4th April a pair was seen displaying over No.2 bed before entering a nest box near to a traditional nest site on the Viaduct. Three were on No.3 bed on 28th March and two were hunting over No.2 bed on 19th May. One flew east over No.3 bed carrying prey on 9th June and on 18th July a family party with at least one young was calling loudly to the south of the Canal opposite No.2 bed. There was no evidence that more than one pair bred and this is the same as in 2014. The only count of significance after the breeding season was on 5th September when six were seen by the Migration Watchers; some at least of these would be seen at a distance from the Reserve itself.

Photograph from No3 Bed Footbridge 29/08/2015

 
066 Red-footed Falcon

Falco vespertinus

Status: rare passage vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last Red-footed Falcon was reported on 21/05/1989.

No Woolston image available

 
067 Merlin

Falco columbarius

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, an infrequent winter visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sightings were in 2013 with three records, one on No.3 Bed on 18th April, another on No.3 Bed on 10th October and one near the Viaduct on 4th December.

No Woolston image available

 
068 Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a regular visitor to the Reserve in the summer months.

2015 Records - With 28 records received this was an above average year for this attractive summer visitor. The first was reported on 11th April and there were a number of sightings between 11th and 22nd May. All but two of these were from No.3 bed though there were also single reports from No.1 bed and Butchersfield Tip. June produced two records of birds hunting over No.3 bed and there was then a gap until 11th August. From then until 10th September one or two were seen on a number of occasions including 23rd August when one was seen chasing a Sparrowhawk along the river and calling noisily.

No Woolston image available

 
069 Peregrine Falcon
069  Peregrine Falcon
Dave Bowman

Falco peregrinus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a breeding species on the Reserve regularly seen with irregular visitors outside of the breeding season.

2015 Records - A pair has bred on the Thelwall Viaduct for the past eight years and birds were at this location from January onwards. One was seen hunting Starlings leaving the roost on No.3 bed at dawn on 24th February. Whilst the pair was at the nest site there was concern that maintenance work being carried out under the Viaduct could cause them to desert the nest. Urgent representations to the Highways Agency resulted in the work being halted and the birds returned to the nest site. Two were flying around the Viaduct calling noisily on 17th June and on the 23rd an adult and two juveniles were perched on the structure. A juvenile was found on the concrete base of the Viaduct on 23rd June and it allowed the observer to approach within a few yards before hopping away. One of the adults was present nearby and calling loudly so observations were cut short. The last report of the year was on 21st November when a male flew low over No.3 bed flushing a flock of Teal.

Photograph from No1 Bed under the Thelwall Viaduct

 
070 Water Rail
070  Water Rail
Andy Weir

Rallus aquaticus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, best seen from the hides on No3 Bed where this secretive bird is frequently sighted on the edges of exposed mud banks but it occurs across the Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - In the early months of the year there were reports from Nos.1 and 3 beds and the Loop of No.4 bed. Most records were of singles but two were heard calling on the East Pool of No.1 bed. No.3 bed is the stronghold of this species and on 6th March five were calling in the reeds along a 200 metre stretch on the east bank. The WeBS counts in March and April both produced totals of five. On 22nd March two were heard calling in the reed bed on the Loop of No.4 bed but there was no evidence of breeding in that area. Confirmed breeding appears to have been confined to No.1 bed, where two adults and three young were heard calling near the East Pool on 12th May and another young bird was heard in a different location the following day. On 24th July at least three broods were heard calling on No.1 bed. After the breeding season there were reports to the end of the year with maxima of four on No.1 bed and three on No.3 bed.

Photograph from No3 Bed Rotary hide 21/04/2013

 
071 Spotted Crake

Porzana porzana

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted this year. The last report was on 07/05/2005.

No Woolston imabe available

 
072 Little Crake

Porzana parva

Status: rare visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting of Little Crake was ???

No Woolston image available

 
073 Corncrake

Crex crex

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a bird of the past for Woolston but night passage calls have been attributed on spring migration.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last record of Corncrake was on 18/09/2001.

No Woolston image available

 
074 Moorhen
074  Moorhen
Andy Weir

Gallinula chloropus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, very common throughout the Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - A count of 38 on 8th January was the highest in the first few months of the year, although there were in excess of thirty on three other occasions from January to March. Less were seen as the breeding season approached. Three pairs were on the Loop of No.4 bed on 1st May and broods began to appear from the end of that month. A total of 20 broods was recorded, slightly down on the 2014 total of 28, but nevertheless a reasonable number given the less than ideal conditions in the summer months. The distribution of broods was interesting with seven on the Loop where none have bred since 2011. This is possibly due to the improvement in the habitat as a result of work undertaken in the past two winter periods and is by far the highest number of broods ever recorded there. The increase in this area was counterbalanced by a reduction in numbers on No.3 bed, where eight broods this year was less than half the number (17) recorded in 2014. The remaining broods were two on No.1 bed, two on flooded fields to the north of No.2 bed and one on the river. Post-breeding counts of significance included 29 on 12th September, 28 on No.3 bed on 3rd October and Reserve-wide totals of 28 and 31 in December. Five were ringed on No.3 bed; two caught in a duck trap in January and three juveniles in a mist net set for waders in August.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 06/07/2013

 
075 Coot
075  Coot
Douglas Buchanan

Fulica atra

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, very common on all the water areas across the Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - The first WeBS count of the year on 18th January found a total of 51 and between 20 and 30 were regularly reported during the month. On 19th February 64 were present of which 51 were on No.3 bed. Totals in March and April averaged around 40 and the first brood appeared on the 26th when a pair with five small young was seen on the river near the footbridge. Counting Coot broods is not straightforward but the best estimate is of 42 across the Reserve. Of these 17 were on No.3 bed, ten on the Loop of No.4 bed, two on the Sandpit Ponds, five on the river, six on No.1 bed, one on No.2 bed and one on flooded fields to the north. This is less than the record number (52) present in 2014 but nevertheless represents a successful breeding season. As with Moorhen it is interesting that broods on the Loop increased from five to ten whilst on No.3 bed there were only half the number present the previous year.

Post-breeding, 80 were on No.3 bed on the evening of 29th June. The highest count of the year was on 11th July, when a minimum of 165 were on No.3 bed alone. By the start of August 72 were still present on No.3 bed and up to forty were on the Loop. By mid-September very few remained and it was thought that many had moved to Appleton Reservoir. On 17th October only 14 were present and the WeBS count on 13th December produced 33. Two were ringed on No.3 bed on 31st January and 18th February; only 26 have ever been ringed on the Reserve.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide

 
076 Avocet
076  Avocet
David Bowman

Recurvirostra avosetta

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed and a rare visitor to Woolston with only five records to date.

2015 Records - One of these elegant waders was found on the scrape on No.3 bed on 17th May and on 20th June two were seen in the same location by a number of observers. This species has extended its range as a result of climate change but this year’s sightings are only the fourth and fifth ever at Woolston.

The previous sightings were of one on 24th April 2013, one on No.2 Bed in June 1984 and two flushed from the Sandpit Pond area on No.4 Bed in May 1978.

Photograph from No.3 Bed 17/05/2015

 
077 Oystercatcher
077  Oystercatcher
Douglas Buchanan

Haematopus ostralegus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed and historically a bird of spring passage and early summer but now a breeding species and frequent flyover, especially at the eastern end of the Reserve adjacent to arable land.

2015 Records - Now amber-listed, the first were seen typically on 28th March, when two were on No.3 bed. Regular sightings were reported from April to June, all from No.3 bed with the exception of one on No.1 bed on 17th April. On 14th April three were on the scrape and two mated. Further mating was reported in the same location on 28th April. There were two July records including three on No.4 bed on the 21st. The only subsequent sighting was of one on the Migration Watch on 31st October.

Photograph from No.3 Bed

 
078 Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting was ???

No Woolston image available

 
079 Golden Plover

Pluvialis apricaria

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, irregular winter and passage record, usually of flyover birds and often reported associated with the Lapwing flocks on the flooded fields to the south of Butchersfield.

2015 Records - There was just one report of this infrequent visitor, when 23 flew west in three groups on the morning of 21st November.

No Woolston image available

 
080 Lapwing
080  Lapwing
Roy Peacock

Vanellus vanellus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a breeding species, regular visitor and large flyover flock records.

2015 Records - Once a very common breeding bird, nationally, Lapwing is now red-listed. At Woolston, the species enjoyed a comparatively successful year and nearly two hundred records were submitted. The year began with flocks of more than a hundred over-flying the Reserve and smaller numbers gathered on fields to the north of No.1 bed, with a maximum of 50 on 5th February. On the 25th of that month about 120 were flushed from No.3 bed by a Marsh Harrier.

As the breeding season approached a pair was displaying on the scrape in front of the John Morgan Hide on 18th March and two pairs were on the Loop of No.4 bed on 22nd April where display was observed at the end of that month. On 30th April one was sitting on four eggs on the scrape and remained until 22nd May when two eggs were present. On No.1 bed two pairs were found in suitable breeding habitat. Two nests were found on No.1 bed, one with four eggs and one with three eggs. Successful fledging was not determined. Back on the Loop, eight were seen on 17th June including a pair with two small young. The same location held 41 adults and a well grown young on 26th July.

From mid-July there was a build-up on No.3 bed, with 83 on the 16th increasing to 128 on the 25th. Numbers continued to increase during August; 135 were on No.3 bed on the 15th whilst, on the 20th 130 were on No.3 bed and a further 50 on the Loop. On 26th August 333 were counted on No.3 bed and over 400 were recorded in mid-September. The year’s maxima were on 10th October when 785 flew west and on the 22nd when, with water levels very low on No.3 bed, no less than 765 were congregated in the shallows. This is the highest total since 2006. A few days later numbers had decreased to around 400 and by mid-November none remained. For the remainder of the year records consisted of flocks over-flying with a maximum of 390 moving west on 21st November.

Photograph from No3 Bed 30/05/2013

 
081 Little Ringed Plover
081  Little Ringed Plover
Steven Ellis

Charadrius dubius

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an irregular visitor and breeding species which bred in 2000, and annually from 2012.

2015 Records - As recently as 2011 this species was an infrequent visitor but since then it has become much more common and this year over a hundred records were submitted. Present during spring and summer the first sighting was of one on No.3 bed on 6th April, followed by regular reports of up to two from that bed. Three were on No.1 bed on the 11th. From 18th April there were almost daily sightings from the scrape on No.3 bed until the end of May. A single record from No.4 bed was of two on 12th May. On 17th May two were seen mating in front of the John Morgan Hide and a search of suitable habitat on the northern section of No.1 bed on 23rd May revealed three pairs.

Breeding was successful in this area and on 5th June eight were found there including a pair with two young and two pairs, showing distraction display suggestive of young being present. Six were on No.3 bed on 12th June and on the 27th nine were on No.1 bed including a family party of two adults and one fledged young. On 9th and 11th July two adults and one juvenile were on No.3 bed and the juvenile remained until 6th August. In total it seems that at least four pairs bred, three on No.1 bed and one on No.3. A single adult was reported on No.3 bed until 28th August.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 29/05/2013

 
082 Ringed Plover
082  Ringed Plover
Douglas Buchanan

Chraradrius hiaticula

Status: BoCC4 red-listed occurs on the Reserve in small numbers infrequently.

2015 Records - The only record was of three in front of the John Morgan Hide, which were seen by a number of observers on 20th June.

Photograph from

 
083 Whimbrel
083  Whimbrel
David Spencer

Numenius phaeopus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - There were just two records of this occasional visitor; one flew north on 12th April and one landed briefly on No.3 bed on 12th May.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 16/04/2014

 
084 Curlew

Numenius arquata

Status: BoCC4 change from amber to red-listed. Most records relate to fly over birds with small numbers sighted on the Reserve in spring and autumn.

2015 Records - Another of our nationally declining birds. Eight records were submitted between 6th March and 27th June, all of single birds. It does not appear from the records that any landed.

No Woolston image available

 
085 Black-tailed Godwit
085  Black-tailed Godwit
Andy Weir

Limosa limosa

Status: BoCC4 red-listed but a frequent passage visitor in small numbers.

2015 Records - Despite being red-listed, this species is seen in ever-increasing numbers and this was a record year with no less than 175 records. Nine circled No.3 bed on 21st April but did not land. The next report was of 26, again on No.3 bed, on 9th June, increasing to 119 two days later and a year maximum of 211 on the 13th. This is a record figure for Woolston, more than doubling the previous highest total of a hundred in 2001. These numbers were short-lived but birds remained in smaller numbers with regular counts of 15 to 35. There were reports of five on the Loop of No.4 bed on 1st August and six in the same area on 20th September. This month saw numbers increase again on No.3 bed with 54 on the 1st rising to 86 on the 17th. Up to 34 remained into October but only single-figure counts were submitted for November and December with the last sighting on 25th December, the latest ever sighting of this species at Woolston. On 2nd December the two on No.3 bed were considered to be an adult and a first winter bird of the islandica race.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 05/10/2013.

 
086 Bar-tailed Godwit

Limosa lapponica

Status: rare passage visitor.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. Last reported on 06/05/2011.

No Woolston image available

 
087 Turnstone
087  Turnstone
David Spencer

Arenaria interpres

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed rare vagrant to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last recorded on ???

Photograph from No.3 Bed on 10/05/2016

 
088 Knot

Calidris canutus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare winter vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last sighted on 28/03/1987.

No Woolston image available

 
089 Ruff
089  Ruff
David Spencer

Philomachus pugnax

Status: BoCC4 red-listed an irregular passage visitor, however, it has been recorded annually since 2012 after an absence from 2005.

2015 records - This was an excellent year, with over fifty records of this red-listed wader. On 25th August a Ruff and a Reeve were found on No.3 bed and there were then regular reports until the end of September. An unusual record was of three on No.1 bed on 21st September but all other sightings were from No.3 bed. The maximum count was of six on 8th September and five were still present a week later. By the month end no more than one was present and there were two October records on the 1st and the 8th.

Photograph from No.3 Bed on 21/09/2015

 
090 Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea

Status: BoCC4 moved from green to amber-listed, a rare passage visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last reported on 11/09/1993.

No Woolston image available

 
091 Temminck's Stint (Aythya collaris)

Calidris temminckii

Status: rare passage visitor.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last sighting was on 22/08/1989.

No Woolston image available

 
092 Sanderling
092  Sanderling
David Spencer

Calidris alba

Status: BoCC4 moved from green to amber-listed, a rare winter and passage vagrant.

2015 Records - A bird in adult summer plumage was found on the scrape in front of the John Morgan hide on 18th May. This is the first record since 1998.

#

Photograph from No.3 Bed 18/05/2015

 
093 Dunlin
093  Dunlin
Andy Weir

Calidris alpina

Status: BoCC4 change from red to amber-listed an annual visitor to the Reserve in small numbers.

2015 Records - Unlike many of the UK’s breeding waders, Dunlin seems to be responding to conservation efforts, recently being moved from the red list to the amber list. Birds were reported on both spring and autumn passage with the first on 24th April when one flew onto No.3 bed ahead of a rain-bearing weather front. Regular sightings followed, all of singles except for two flocks totalling 20 birds which circled No.3 bed on 5th May but did not land. The only record away from No.3 bed was on 9th May when one was on No.4 bed. Return passage began on 18th August and all reports were from No.3 bed. All related to singles apart from three on 8th September and the final record of an above average year was on 12th September.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 07/05/2013

 
094 Little Stint

Calidris minuta

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last recorded was on 03/09/1993.

No Woolston image available

 
095 White-rumped Sandpiper

Calidris fuscicollis

Status: rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting was on 31/07/1984.

No Woolston image e

 
096 Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Tryngites subruficollis

Status: rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last reported on 04/08/1984.

No Woolston image available

 
097 Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

Status: rare autumn and winter visitor.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last recorded on 10/09/1994.

No Woolston image available

 
098 Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

Status: very rare vagrant to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last recorded on 19/10/1991.

No Woolston image available

 
099 Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, very rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last recorded on ???

No Woolston image available

 
100 Common Sandpiper
100  Common Sandpiper
Andy Weir

Tringa hypoleucos

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a regular summer and passage visitor.

2015 Records - With more than fifty records this was another wader to have an excellent year. One was on No.3 bed on 13th April and two the following day. There were further records of one or two on this bed until 3rd May. Return passage began with one on No.2 bed on 17th June, the only record away from the favoured No.3 bed. From 25th June one was seen on a number of occasions until the end of July, and August saw almost daily reports of one or two on the scrape in front of the John Morgan Hide. Four were present on 4th and 22nd August and a year maximum of five on the 25th. Sightings continued on an almost daily basis until 2nd September and there were a further four records of singles between the 12th and 19th of that month. There were no further records.

Photograph from John Morgan Hide No3 Bed 21/07/2013

 
101 Green Sandpiper
101  Green Sandpiper
Andy Weir

Tringa ochropus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a regular summer and passage visitor to the Reserve with the Loop of No4 Bed the historical hot-spot for this species.

2015 Records - As with the previous species there were many more records of this wader than in 2014 and for the second consecutive year, there was evidence of over-wintering. One found on the flooded fields to the north of No.2 bed on 11th February almost certainly came into this category. There were further sightings on the Loop on 17th March and one was on No.3 bed on the 24th and 25th. April reports were of one on No.2 bed on the 4th and one on No.4 bed on the 17th. The final spring record was of one on No.3 bed on 1st May. No more were seen until 10th June when one was found on No.3 bed and from 25th June to 23rd September there were almost daily reports of up to three birds, nearly all from No.3 bed. On 3rd July four were on the north east corner of that bed and the only records from other areas of the Reserve were of singles on the Loop on 21st and 26th July. Numbers peaked at the end of August with four on the 21st and a year maximum of five on the 23rd and 25th. Reports continued into September with a minimum of four on No.3 bed on the 11th, whilst singles were found on the Loop and the pool on the northern section of No.1 bed on the 20th. There were five October records, including two on the fields to the north of No.2 bed on the 22nd and an excellent year ended with singles in the same area on 19th and 25th November, on which occasion the bird flew south onto No.2 bed.

The ringing team on No.3 bed captured a record total of eleven during August. Only 17 have ever been ringed at Woolston and, of these, no less than fourteen were in the last two years.

No Woolston image available

 
102 Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare visitor on autumn passage. Only three sightings have been reported, the latest on 27th August 2014, then 2010 and then 1992.

2015 Records - No sightings submitted.

No Woolston image available

 
103 Greenshank
103  Greenshank
Brian Burnett

Tringa nebularia

Status: BoCC4 moved from green to amber-listed, an infrequent visitor but recorded annually generally in autumn passage.

2015 Records - There were regular sightings of this attractive wader on autumn passage, with the first on No.3 bed on 22nd July. A second report on 1st August was followed by almost daily records of one or two until 25th August, all from No.3 bed. An excellent passage ended with singles on the scrape on 31st August, 1st and 12th September.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 11/05/2013

 
104 Wood Sandpiper
104  Wood Sandpiper
David Spencer

Tringa glareola

Status: - BoCC4 amber-listed, an irregular summer and passage visitor, the previous report was of two birds in both the spring and autumn passage was in 2013.

2015 Records - One was found by a visiting group in front of the John Morgan Hide on 22nd April. It remained for much of the day and gave good views to a number of observers who had been alerted to its presence.

Photograph from No.3 Bed 22/04/2015

 
105 Redshank
105  Redshank
Andy Weir

Tringa totanus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a regular visitor in small numbers to the Reserve.

2015 Records - This was one of the few species of wader to fare less well than in 2014. Nevertheless there were records of both spring and autumn passage. Two were on No.3 bed on 7th April and there were further sightings of one in the same area on 11th and 18th April. No more were seen until 3rd June and there were a number of reports, all from No.3 bed, until 14th August. All were of singles apart from 27th July when two were present. All this year’s records were from No.3 bed.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 21/04/2013.

 
106 Jack Snipe

Lymnocryptes minimus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, regular small number of sightings reported in the winter periods.

2015 Records - The only record of this rather elusive species was of one on No.1 bed on 12th November.

No Woolstom image available

 
107 Woodcock

Scolopax rusticola

Status: BoCC4 change from amber to red-listed, regularly recorded in the winter periods.

2015 Record - A species showing continuing decline. Ten records were received, typically in the first and last two months of the year. On 10th January one flew in front of the John Morgan Hide and there was a further sighting on No.3 bed on 27th January. There were three February reports; one on the 8th on No.1 bed, three in the same area on the 21st and one, again on No.1 bed, on the 28th. On the same date one was found on No.3 bed. There were no further records until 16th November when two were flushed from a small area of Birch on No.1 bed. The remaining two sightings were from No.3 bed; one flushed from the west bank on 19th November and one on 13th December.

No Woolston image available

 
108 Snipe
108  Snipe
Andy Weir

Gallinago gallinago

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common visitor over the year outside the breeding season.

2015 Records - The days when Snipe bred at Woolston are unfortunately long gone. The year began with two on No.1 bed on 8th January. Numbers were low with a maximum of six on each of No.3 and the Loop of No.4 bed. Most records were from No.3 bed but there were reports from all areas of the Reserve except No.2 bed. Sightings continued until 20th April but typically none were then reported until 2nd July. Only low numbers were present until 22nd August when 26 were on No.3 bed. September saw an increase with 41 on the 18th and numbers peaked in early October when 55 were counted on the 8th. The highest total of the year was on 10th October when 90 were flushed in a single flock from No.3 bed. There were counts of over 50 into November with a maximum of 63 on the 3rd. Fewer were present into December; 14 were on No.3 bed on the 5th and none were recorded after the 13th.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 15/09/2013.

 
109 Artic Skua

Stercorarius parasiticus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no sightings reported. The last record was on 11/10/1992.

No Woolston image available

 
110 Great Skua

Catharacta skua

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting of this species was ???

No Woolston image available

 
111 Little Tern
111  Little Tern
David Spencer

Sterna albifrons

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - A very scarce visitor to Woolston, one of these amber-listed terns was reported on No.3 bed but unfortunately there is no information about when it was seen.

Photograph from No3 bed 16/05/2017

 
112 Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybridus

Status: exceptionally rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting of this tern was on 19/05/2005.

No Woolston image available

 
113 Black Tern
113  Black Tern
Alan Patterson

Childonias niger

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, irregular visitor during passage last recorded in 2012.

2015 Records - no records submitted this year. The last record of Black Tern on the reserve was April 2012.

Photograph from No3 Bed 30/04/2012

 
114 White-winged Black Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus

Status: very rare passage vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report of this tern on the Reserve was on 13/07/1986.

No Woolston image available

 
115 Sandwich Tern

Sterna sandvicensis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, an infrequent vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records received. The last sighting of this tern on the Reserve was on 16/08/2008.

No Woolston image available

 
116 Common Tern
116  Common Tern
Hazel Rothwell

Sterna hirundo

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, an infrequent visitor to the Reserve on passage.

2015 Records - The first of the year was on 16th April when two flew north-west and during May there were two reports of one and four birds over-flying the Reserve. On 3rd June one was on the scrape in front of the John Morgan Hide. The next sighting was on 1st July when two were seen briefly before flying off to the south. On 5th July a pair took over one of the rafts from the resident Black-headed Gulls; one brought a fish for the other and display was observed. The pair was seen on a number of occasions until 25th July on which date they were again passing small fish to each other. There were further reports of up to three until the final report of the year on 21st August. All records were from No.3 bed.

Photograph from No3 bed 18/05/2017

 
117 Artic Tern
117  Artic Tern
Andy Weir

Sterna paradisaea

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, an infrequent passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no reports submitted this year. The last being the three records of 2014.

Photograph No3 Bed John Morgan hide 26/05/2013

 
118 Kittiwake
118  Kittiwake
David Spencer

Rissa tridactyla

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a scace visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings reported. This species was last reported on 09/02/2016 with the previous record to that back in 2001.

Photograph from No.3 Bed 26/04/2016

 
119 Black-headed Gull
119  Black-headed Gull
Douglas Buchanan

Larus ridibundus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a very common visitor and large breeding population.

2015 Records - The steady decline of our breeding population mirrors the national picture. January reports of 140 and 225 were mostly birds over-flying the Reserve but by mid-February there was evidence of a return to the breeding colony on No.3 bed. On 14th February 52 were seen and numbers built rapidly to 670 at the end of the month and 700 on 1st March. The maximum count was of 1100 to 1200 at dusk on 20th April. The first young was noted on 16th May and by 9th June some had fledged. Although little detailed information about breeding success is available the indications are that this was not a good year. The maximum number of fledged young reported was 20 on 3rd July and although use was made of the breeding rafts the low number of young remains a matter for concern. There was evidence of predation by Buzzards, although Lesser Black-backed Gulls did not appear to have taken young, but there are probably more significant factors at play. Post breeding, 110 were roosting on No.3 bed on the evening of 8th September but there were no further significant counts from this bed. On 22nd October 200 were at Bollin Point and a Reserve-wide total of 550 on 16th December (excluding over-flying birds) contained some already in breeding plumage.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 24/05/2009

 
120 Little Gull
120  Little Gull
John Adshead

Larus minutus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, generally a spring passage visitor with most sightings on the Reserve in April-May.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was in the spring of 2014 n No.3 bed with two on 31st March, two on 7th May and singles on 14th and 20th May.

Photograph from No3 Bed 13/06/2013

 
121 Laughing Gull

Larus atriclla

Status: a mega rare vagrant.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last reported sighting was on 30/11/1985.

No Woolston image available

 
122 Franklin's Gull

Larus pipixcan

Status: very rare vagrant.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last record was ???

No Woolston image available

 
123 Mediterranean Gull
123  Mediterranean Gull
David Bowman

Larus melanocephalus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a regular passage visitor recorded annually and has attempted to breed.

2015 Records - This species is a regular spring visitor with occasional sightings later in the year and this pattern was continued. Two adults were seen on No.3 bed on 18th March and four days later there were reports of an adult and a second summer bird; two further adults arrived later that day. Thereafter, a second summer bird was seen regularly on the scrape until 2nd April. From 11th to 24th April two adults were present and at the end of the month two second summer birds were seen. From 2nd to 8th May a pair was at a nest site but although mating took place there was no evidence of breeding. Three were found on 9th May and sightings continued until 25th May. The only other records were of one on 9th June, two adults on 27th June and an adult on 5th August.

Photograph from No3 bed 25/03/2017

 
124 Common Gull
124  Common Gull
Dave Bowman

larus canus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common passage and winter visitor in small numbers.

2015 Records - Found in small numbers outside the breeding season this was a fairly typical year. Many sightings are from Latchford Locks and most of the early reports were from this location with between five and seven regularly present. The highest count for this period was of nine on 22nd March. Up to three were occasionally seen on No.3 bed until 3rd June. The first returned to Latchford locks on 22nd July and up to three were noted there up to the end of October. An unusual record was on 27th November when 13 were disturbed from the nearby Westy Park and flew onto the Loop of No.4 bed. One was also on No.3 bed on that date and the total of 14 was the highest of the year. The only other count of significance was of nine at Latchford locks on 6th December.

Photograph from Ship Canal 03/09/2013

 
125 Ring-billed Gull

larus delawarensis

Status: rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last record was on 01/02/2005.

No Woolston image available

 
126 Lesser Black-backed Gull
126  Lesser Black-backed Gull
Alan Debenham

Larus fuscus graellsi

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common flyover sighting with lower numbers of birds visiting.

2015 Records - This is the most common of the large gulls to visit the Reserve. The year began with reports of small numbers in January and February, with five present on 20th February and 27 on the water on No.3 bed on the 28th. This was by far the highest number seen and there were no other counts of significance during the spring. In June there were reports from the Loop of No.4 bed of four on the 3rd and eight on the 17th. Although birds were regularly seen on No.3 bed there was little evidence of predation; one took a first winter Black-headed Gull on 19th April and on 15th August a juvenile Little Grebe fell victim to attack. On 1st August 13 were on the water on No.3 bed but the only other notable counts were from the September and October Migration Watches, which recorded over-flying flocks of 95 and 16 respectively.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 11/03/2014.

 
127 Herring Gull
127  Herring Gull
David Bowman

Larus argentatus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, uncommon on the Reserve with small number of records per annum, higher counts are usual on the migration watches and other flyover sightings.

2015 Records - Rarely seen in large numbers the first report was of two at Latchford Locks on 4th January. Sightings from No.3 bed included three on the rafts on 19th February and 12, also on the rafts, on 12th March. Ten were on the water on No.3 bed on 19th March but only odd ones were seen thereafter until the end of May. There was one June record when one was seen on No.3 bed on the 14th, and two sightings in July; an adult and a first summer on No.3 bed on the 13th and one at Latchford Locks on the 22nd. Very few were reported in the rest of the year. There were records of singles on 15th September and on two dates in November. The only other report was of ten flying west over No.3 bed on 7th December.

Photograph of an immature from No3 bed 17/04/2017

 
128 Iceland Gull

Larus glaucoides

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare vagrant to the Eyes.

2015 Records no sightings reported. The last sighting was on 20/02/1993.

No Woolston image available

 
129 Glaucous Gull

Larus hyperboreus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, rare winter vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings reported. The last reported sighting was on 09/02/2008.

No Woolston image available

 
130 Great Black-backed Gull
130  Great Black-backed Gull
David Spencer

Larus marinus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed uncommon but increasingly regular visitor and noted flying over.

2015 records - Until 2014 this gull was a rare visitor but, with 14 records that year and 20 this, it has become much more common. One was on the Loop of No.4 bed on 24th February and what may have been the same bird was mobbed by two Lesser Black-backed Gulls on No.3 bed two days later. There were sightings of singles on No.3 bed on five dates during March and two adults there on 23rd April. On 3rd May two adults and an immature were present with a third adult joining them the next day. Up to two remained until 25th May. An immature was seen on the water on 13th June and on 10th July one was at the Weir. For the remainder of the year there were only two records, both of over-flying birds; one was seen over the Loop on 17th October and a week later eleven were counted during a Migration Watch.

Photograph from No3 Bed 07/04/2014

 
131 Feral Pigeon

Columba livia

Status: common sighting on the Reserve fringes and noted flyovers.

2015 Records - Feral Pigeons are a widespread but overlooked species with only five records submitted. The largest flock was 200 at Latchford Locks on 4th January. They breed on the Thelwall Viaduct and 10 were noted on the Viaduct during a Common Bird Census on 21st March.

No Woolston image available

 
132 Stock Dove
132  Stock Dove
Douglas Buchanan

Columba oenas

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a breeding species resident on all four beds and regularly reported.

2015 Records - In most years the majority of sightings of this under-stated dove are from the eastern end of the Reserve which borders farmland. It is encouraging, therefore, that this year over 50 records were received from No.3 bed. Birds were regularly seen near the John Morgan hide feeders during the spring and summer periods. There was also an exceptional flock of 20 feeding on the Winter Feed meadow on 22nd May. Other notable sightings on No.3 bed included eight on 24th January and five on 12th July. Elsewhere on the Reserve the maximum counts were on Migration Watches from Butchersfield Tip; 10 were recorded on 5th September and 13 on 31st October.

Evidence of breeding was noted on both No.1 and No.2 beds. A bird was seen flying out of an owl box on 3rd June on No.1 bed and four birds were recorded on the same bed in suitable breeding habitat during a Common Bird Survey. On No.2 bed, two pairs were observed displaying on the Thelwall Viaduct on 4th April.

Photograph from

 
133 Wood Pigeon
133  Wood Pigeon
Douglas Buchanan

Columba palumbus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, abundant bird around the Reserve.

2015 Records - Woodpigeons are common and widespread on the Reserve. In addition to being resident throughout the year, this was a typical year where large numbers were observed during the autumn migration and winter periods. Birds regularly roost on No.2 bed and 300 were observed leaving the roost at dawn on 10th January and 330 on the 31st January. In the autumn period, peak counts were observed during Migration Watches from Butchersfield Tip with 553 on 5th September, 985 on 10th October and 1986 on 31st October.

During the Common Bird Survey counts of birds in suitable breeding habitat were as follows: 10 on No.1 bed on 21st March, 21 on No.2 bed on 4th April, five on No.3 bed on 21st March and 23 on No.4 bed on 18th April.

Photograph from No.3 Bed

 
134 Collard Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, uncommon on the Reserve with fly-over sightings more numerous but common on the fringes along the canal track and Weir Pool in association with the adjacent urbanisation.

2015 Records - Although Collared Doves are a common breeding bird in the housing estates surrounding the Reserve, they are only occasionally seen on the Reserve and this year there were only seven reports. Two were at Latchford Locks on 25th February and one was at the same location on 22nd February. The maximum count of the year was three on the Canal track alongside No.4 bed on 16th September. There were only three sightings from No.3 bed with singles flying over on 6th February and 9th May and two flew over on 28th March. The only other sightings were two at the Weir on 17th June. There were no sightings from No.2 and 4 beds.

There was no evidence of breeding this year. The last confirmed breeding on the Reserve was in 2004 when birds bred alongside the Ship Canal, No.3 bed and Woolston Weir.

No Woolston image available.

 
135 Turtle Dove

Streptopelia turtur

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, with the decline of the UK population, Turtle Dove, would now be a mega rare visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - unsurpriseingly no records were submitted. The last reported sighting of Turtle Dove was on 04/05/2001.

No Woolston image available

 
136 Ring-necked Parakeet

Psittacula krameri

Status: a rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last report was ???

No Woolston image available

 
137 Cuckoo
137  Cuckoo
David Riley

Cuculus canarus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a summer visitor in low numbers.

2015 Records - Once a fairly common breeder at Woolston, this red-listed migrant is now in serious decline. There were no sightings on the Reserve in 2014, so the two sightings this year were very welcome, although it is doubtful whether they represent any real improvement in the fate of this species. The first record was on 17th April, when there were several reports of a bird calling and flying over No.3 bed. The only other sighting was on No.1 bed, where one was heard and seen in the south east corner on 23rd May.

Photograph from a bird caught and ringed on No.1 Bed

 
138 Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, infrequently disturbed on the Reserve from roosts.

2015 Records - A single bird was regularly seen on No.3 bed in the first half of the year. The first sighting was on 22nd January and the bird was then regularly seen at dawn and dusk until 9th June. At dawn on the 24th January one landed on the window ledge of the John Morgan hide, only a few feet away from the lucky observer! There were no further sightings after this but in December, Barn Owl pellets were found underneath the John Morgan hide and in the Tower hide.

The only other sighting came from No.1 bed where a single bird was seen on 12th and 13th January.

No Woolston image available

 
139 Little Owl

Athene noctua

Status: a rare visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last sighting was on 15/04/2001.

No Woolston image available

 
140 Tawny Owl

Strix aluco

Status: BoCC4 moved from green to amber-listed, under-reported due to its nocturnal activity nonetheless reported in small numbers annually.

2015 Records - Birds were regularly heard on both No.1 and 3 beds. Three were calling on No.1 bed on 31st August and two were present at the Starling roost on 7th February. There were several other records of single birds throughout the remainder of the year including birds calling from the centre of No.3 bed. However, there was no evidence of breeding which has only occasionally been confirmed on the Reserve. The last occasion was 2010 when a pair raised three young on No.3 bed.

No Woolston image available

 
141 Long-eared Owl
141  Long-eared Owl
Douglas Buchanan

Asio otus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, very secretive, this species is occasionally found roosting on the Reserve. Previously recorded in 2009 and 2012 with a pair successfully breeding at a site just south of the Reserve in 2010.

2015 Records - Two were reported from No.4 bed in the spring period but no further details are available.

Photograph from No3 Bed winter 2003.

 
142 Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, another rare winter visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - On 31st October during a Migration Watch from Butchersfield Tip a single bird was observed circling high over Woolston Moss, north of the A57. This coincided with an influx of the species into the Northwest region. In the 1980s and early 1990s Short-eared Owls were a regular winter visitor to the Reserve but this is only the fourth record this century and the first since 2011.

No Woolston image available

 
143 Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

Status: BoCC4 moved from red to amber-listed, a rare vagrant to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last reported sighting was on 24/06/1995.

No Woolston image available

 
144 Swift

Apus apus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common summer visitor to the Eyes, feeding and passing through.

2015 Records - Swifts typically arrive in the last week of April or early May. So a single bird on 17th April on No.3 bed was exceptional and equals the earliest date recorded for the Reserve. It was another week though until the next sighting when one was seen feeding along the north bank of No.3 bed and they did not arrive in significant numbers until 3rd May when 13 were feeding over the same bed. The next day further birds arrived with 120 hawking over the bed. Throughout the remainder of May there were regular sightings of between 100 and 150. Numbers decreased in June and July with maximum counts of 110 on 5th June, 50 on 14th and 18th June and 70 on 18th July.

Similar to last year there were no large post breeding flocks with a peak counts of 150 on the 1st and 5th August. The majority of birds had left by 21st August and the final sightings were six on 27th August and one on 29th August.

The latest reports from the BTO indicate an overall fall in the Swift population of approximately 40% since 1995. Numbers at Woolston in recent years have reflected this decline, although they still breed in reasonable numbers on the adjacent housing estate in Latchford. Brian Martin made several evening visits to the Westy Estate and numbers of Swifts there were high, e.g. 50 screaming around houses in just one part of the estate on 11th July. Many others could be seen around other parts of the estate with birds seen entering nest holes. Departure was early with most Swifts gone by mid to late August. This would suggest a reasonably good breeding season for those that returned. Although loss of nest sites is undoubtedly a factor, lack of insects must also play a significant part in the decline.

No Woolston image available

 
145 Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Status: rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting was on 01/06/1995.

No Woolston image available

 
146 Kingfisher
146  Kingfisher
Roy Peacock

Alcedo atthis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a resident and breeding species present all year and regularly recorded.

2015 Records - Kingfishers were recorded in all months except April. The first sighting of the year was on 7th January and birds were regularly reported from the No.3 bed footbridge until the middle of March. Most sightings were of single birds but two were seen from the footbridge on 17th March. There were there no further sightings on No.3 bed until 5th May and then only occasional reports up to 7th July. For the remainder of July and August birds were seen almost daily. Like last year there were excellent photographic opportunities, as one took to fishing from the perch immediately in front of the John Morgan hide, no doubt attracted by the thousands of Sticklebacks which could be seen in the channels. In the autumn and second winter periods birds were still being regularly reported both on the old river and No.3 bed. The last sighting of the year was on 15th December.

Away from No.3 bed, there were few reports. One was on the Sandpit Pond on No.4 bed on 25th February and on No.1 bed there were three records of single birds on 19th March, 25th March and 6th August.

There was no breeding on the Reserve but given the frequency of sightings, it is thought breeding occurred close by, probably in the banks of the Ship Canal. On No.3 bed a single juvenile male was caught and ringed on 12th August.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan hide 21/05/2013

 
147 Green Woodpecker

Picus viridis

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a resident species in and around the vicinity of the Reserve and regularly reported. Favours the more open aspects of No1 Bed and its ant colonies.

2015 Records - Green Woodpeckers are an uncommon visitor to the Reserve and birds are thought to originate from populations in the Rixton and Lymm areas. Most sightings are usually on the eastern end of the Reserve. However this year there was only a single record from No.1 bed on 14th April. More sightings came from No.3 bed where one was regularly seen or heard in various parts of the bed between the 6th and 27th August. All sightings are assumed to relate to the same individual but views were not good enough to sex or age the bird.

No Woolston image available

 
148 Great Spotted Woodpecker
148  Great Spotted Woodpecker
Alan Debenham

Dendrocopos major

Status: Bocc4 green-listed, common resident and breeding species on the Reserve found throughout the year.

2015 Records - Although the commonest of our woodpeckers, only 24 records were submitted this year. This compares to 43 for 2014. This may be simply a case of under recording but data from the ringing teams also suggests a poor year. On No.3 bed the first sighting was on 10th January when two were seen. Birds were regularly seen in February and March with a peak count of three on the 6th and 7th February. From April to July there were only five sightings submitted and no records for August and September. The last sighting of the year was of a single bird on 5th December. On No.3 bed no birds were ringed during the year. The average is nine new birds per year. In 2014 a record 15 were ringed on the bed. Six were retrapped between the 4th January and 16th May. No birds were handled after this date. This is very unusual. In 2014 this species was handled on 40 occasions throughout the year. The ringing data and paucity of records could point to a poor breeding season. A less likely alternative is that there was a such good supply of natural food that they did not need to visit the feeding stations, which could account for both the lack of ringing and sight records. Observers are encouraged to submit all records for this species, noting the sex and age where possible.

The situation was similar on the other beds. There was only a single record for No.4 bed where one was recorded on 4th April. Similarly No.2 bed had only a single record on 26th May. On No.1 bed there were two records, each of a single bird. On No.1 bed, only three were ringed with the last of those on 16th April, the worst year since 2003. All of them were second year males and were caught at the eastern end of the bed. Three others were retrapped during the year, two from 2013 and one from 2014, two males were caught in breeding condition, and only one bird was caught after 2nd May.

There was no confirmation of breeding but birds were observed drumming on No.1 and 2 beds and two juveniles were seen at the feeders by the John Morgan hide on 11th July.

Photograph of female from No3. Bed John Morgan hide 11/03/2014

 
149 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker

Denrocopos minor

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, an irregular visitor recorded evry few years. Recorded in 2015 and 2011.

2015 Records - It was a very encouraging year for this diminutive woodpecker. The first sighting was of one in the copse by the gate to No.2 bed and then along the south bank of No.3 bed on 17th March. Ten days later a female was seen again on No.3 bed and later calling in the copse. There were no further sightings until 15th April, when a single bird was heard calling along the south bank. There were then almost daily sightings until 20th April when a pair was observed and one was seen excavating a hole. The male bore a ring and Mike Roberts’ excellent photographs allowed the ring number to be read and revealed it was ringed on No.3 bed on 4th November 2011 as a juvenile. This raised the hopes of breeding but unfortunately there were no further spring sightings. The only other record was of one near the South Meadow of No.3 bed on 5th September.

No Woolston image available

 
150 Golden Oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Status: Bocc4 red-listed, a very rare passage vagrant to the Eyes.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last reported sighting was on 18/04/2003.

No Woolston image available

 
151 Great Grey Shrike

Lanius excubitor

Status: a rare passage visitor to the Reserve. The last recorded sighting was on No1 Bed in

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last reported sighting was on 27/03/2004.

No Woolston image available

 
152 Magpie
152  Magpie
Roy Peacock

Pica pica

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a very common resident bird on and around the Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - Magpies are a common and widespread resident species. The largest counts were recorded on No.4 bed where 37 were on the Loop and the old Woolston Tip on 17th March. Twenty five were in the area of the Sandpit Pond at dusk on 11th December, probably going to roost. The only other notable count was of 20 seen near the car park by No.3 bed on 31st December, also gathering to roost. The only proof of breeding was on 14th June when an adult and two newly fledged juveniles were seen near the car park. However, the Common Bird Surveys, in March and April, recorded three on No.1 bed, four on No.2 bed and eight on No.4 bed, all in suitable breeding habitat. Surprisingly, none were recorded on No.3 bed during the surveys.

Photograph from No3 Bed 30-05-2013

 
153 Jay
153  Jay
Andy Weir

Garrulus glandarius

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common resident and breeding species on all four Beds throughout the year.

2015 Records - A typical year for this species, with small numbers observed on all beds throughout the year and a passage of autumn birds. Maximum counts during the Common Bird Surveys were seven on No.1 bed, one on No.2 bed, four on No.3 bed and six on No.4 bed. Two nests were located, one on No.2 bed which fledged three young and one on No.4 bed which had one egg when found though nesting success was not determined.

In autumn peak counts were all from No.3 bed in October with 36 seen passing through east on the 10th, 10 on the 16th and 12 on the 24th.

On No.1 bed the ringers had the best year since 2005 with eight ringed, three were caught in breeding condition, two females and a male, the only juvenile of the year was ringed on 19th August. On No.3 bed only three birds were ringed during the year. This compares to 2014 when 13 were ringed and the 12 year average of 11.9 birds per year. The only juvenile bird was ringed on 29th August.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 13/01/2013

 
154 Nutcracker

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Status: an extremely rare vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - not surprisingly, no reports were submitted. The last reported sighting was on 08/10/1983.

No Woolston image available

 
155 Jackdaw

Corvus monedula

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, not a common bird on the Reserve, except the eastern end were parties forage, but observed as fly-over records on all four Beds.

2015 Records - Most observations of Jackdaw relate to birds seen flying over the Reserve with the largest numbers occurring in the winter periods. At Bollin Point, 100 were seen flying south on 2nd January and in the second winter period, 150 on 17th October. In addition, 200 were seen moving between Butchersfield Tip and fields to the south on 22nd October. On No.3 bed similar size flocks were seen with 201 flying east on 10th January and 150 on 23rd October. On No.3 bed, three feeding on the newly ploughed winter feed area on 1st May was notable as it was one of the few non fly-over sightings of the year. The maximum count from No.4 bed was of 100 flying west on 14th January. There were no reports from No.2 bed.

No Woolston image available

 
156 Rook

Corvus frugilegus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, not a common bird on the Reserve with most sightings of birds flying over. As with the Carrion Crow, movement to and from the feeding grounds on the mosses to the north of the eastern end of the Reserve is the best place to locate them.

2015 records - There were no reports of Rook this year. It is never a common bird on the Reserve and usually only seen overflying the eastern end as they move between farmland on either side of the Ship Canal. However, this is the first blank year since 1981. Hopefully, the lack of sightings is due to under recording rather than a significant decline in their population.

No Woolston image available

 
157 Carrion Crow
157  Carrion Crow
Chris Monks

Corvus corone

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common bird on the Reserve which breeds in small numbers on all the four Beds.

2015 Records - A regular breeding species recorded on all four beds. In the breeding season Common Bird Surveys recorded two on No.1 bed, three on No.2 bed, two on No.3 bed and 13 on No.4 bed. An active nest was discovered on No.3 bed on 8th April. The peak counts were 41 on the Loop of No.4 bed on 17th April, 30 from Butchersfield Tip during a Migration Watch on 5th September and 40 in fields to the south of Bollin Point on 14th November.

Photograph from No3 Bed overlooking the Sybil Hogg Hide 21/04/2014

 
158 Hooded Crow

Corvus cornix

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting was on

No Woolston image available

 
159 Raven

Corvus corax

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, almost all records relate to the regular fly-over sightings.

2015 Records - In recent years Ravens have been increasingly recorded flying over the Reserve, so it is slightly disappointing that there were only six reports this year compared to 13 in 2014. The first report was on 7th April when one was seen flying east over No.3 bed. On 13th May a single bird flew south over No.1 bed. The maximum count was of two flying east over No.3 bed on 25th July. There were then no other sightings until October when singles were seen on the 19th on No.1 bed, the 29th on No.3 bed and the last sighting for the year on the 31st during a Migration Watch from Butchersfield Tip.

No Woolston image available

 
160 Goldcrest
160  Goldcrest
Keith Gallie

Regulus regulus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, largely a passage visitor but breeds locally and occasionally over winters on the Reserve. Peak counts occur in the autumn.

2015 Records - Goldcrests were observed in small numbers throughout the year, although there were no large autumn counts this year. The maximum was three at Bollin Point on 2nd January and three on No.2 bed on 15th November. Otherwise most records were of single birds on No.1 and 3 beds throughout the year. There were no records from No.4 bed. Singing males were heard at Weir Lane on 4th April and at Bollin Point on 24th April both potential breeding areas.

On No.1 bed the ringers had an excellent year with 90 ringed. Two were caught in the spring, both returning birds that had been ringed in 2014. Six were caught during the summer, from 11th June and were probably local breeders while the first returning birds were caught on 3rd September. The final bird of the year was caught on 5th November. On No.3 bed 30 were ringed during the year. The 12 year average is 30.4 new birds. Two new birds were ringed during the spring (21st March and 4th April). Two “locally bred” juveniles were ringed on 11th July and 8th August before the first birds of autumn on 3rd October.

Photgraph from No3 bed 03/01/2017

 
161 Firecrest

Regulus ignicapilla

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an irregular passage vagrant (recorded in 2010, 2012 and 2014) to the Eyes with most sightings reported in autumn.

2015 Records - The only record this year was on the afternoon of 27th November when a single bird was observed on the south bank of No.3 bed. Hopes that it might winter on the bed were not realised as there were no further sightings.

No Woolston image available

 
162 Blue Tit
162  Blue Tit
Douglas Buchanan

Parus caeruleus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, abudent resident and breeding species throughout the whole Reserve.

2015 Records - Few records were submitted other than those made during the Common Bird Survey. The peak counts during these surveys were ten on No.1 bed on 21st March, 19 on No.2 bed on 4th April, three on No.3 bed on 21st March and ten on No.4 bed on the same day.

For the ringers on No.1 bed, it was the best year since 2003 and the third best since 1995 for this species with 183 ringed, including 57 nestlings, 13 of which were caught later in the year. A further 78 were caught that had been ringed in previous years, the oldest from 21st August 2009. The first fledged juvenile was caught on 11th June

On No.3 bed it was a below average year with just 129 new birds ringed, the average in a year is 150 new birds. Fifty one were ringed in the nest boxes. This is less than last year, but is quite a good total. The first fledged juvenile was caught on 27th June. This is the latest date in the last 12 years by five days. Twenty three birds were retrapped from 2014, nine from 2013, three from 2012, one from 2011, one from 2010, one from 2009 and one from 2008. From August to the year end only 34 birds were retrapped (twenty birds) plus 46 new birds ringed (80 handlings). In 2014 there were 223 handlings in the same period. It was very clear that there were not the number of birds around, suggesting a poor breeding season on the bed.

Photograph from No3 Bed

 
163 Great Tit

Parus major

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, another abundent resident on all four Beds throughout the year.

2015 Records - As for the last species, the majority of counts submitted were from the Common Bird Survey. Nine were on No.1 bed on 21st March, eight on 4th April on No.2 bed, nine on 21st March on No.3 bed and seven on No.4 bed on the same day.

On No.1 bed it was a reasonable year for this species with 95 ringed including 20 nestlings, four of which were caught later in the year. The first fledged juveniles were ringed on 23rd June. A further 55 were caught that had been ringed in previous years, the oldest from 26th June 2009.

On No.3 bed a total of 146 new birds were ringed during the year. The 12 year average is 169.5 new birds. This is the lowest annual total since 2008 when just 93 new birds were ringed. The first fledged juvenile was ringed on the 6th June. A total of 77 was ringed in the nest boxes. This is slightly down on last year when 85 were ringed, but is slightly more than 2013. Birds retrapped from previous years were 29 from 2014, eight from 2013, one from 2012, one from 2011, two from 2010 and one from 2009. During the year a total of 364 handlings occurred. This compares to 721 in 2014 and 390 in 2013.

No Woolston image available

 
164 Coal Tit

Parus ater

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, regularly seen but not a common bird on the Reserve. Favours the eastern end of the Reserve and Butchersfield with the conifer cover.

2015 Records - Coal Tit used to be an uncommon visitor to the Reserve and in some years would not be recorded at all. More recently, although remaining relatively scarce, sightings have increased with most reports from Bollin Point and Weir Lane. Breeding is suspected in both areas. In 2015, birds continued to be seen at these traditional sites and there was an increase in sightings on No.1 and 3 beds. A juvenile was seen near the east pool on No.1 bed on 4th June and one was also on the bed on 19th August. On No.3 bed there were regular records of a single bird in October and one was also seen on 8th December.

The increased number of observations is also reflected in the ringing results from No.1 bed which had an unprecedented year for this species with 28 ringed, the previous highest was just nine in 2011. The first of the year was an overwintering bird originally ringed in 2014, while a further three were caught in the first winter period; all of the above were caught at the eastern end of the Reserve. The first juvenile was ringed on 6th June and was probably locally bred and autumn passage started on 5th September with new birds being caught until the end of October although some of these did stay until the end of the following month. Passage on No.3 bed was not as impressive; only two were ringed during the year on 26th September and 31st October. The 12 year average is just 1.8 new birds.

No Woolston image available

 
165 Willow Tit
165  Willow Tit
Andy Weir

Parus montanus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a regular reported species from a small but stable population across the whole Reserve.

2015 Records - Given the national decline in its numbers and its red list status, Willow Tit is one of the Reserve’s most important breeding species. It is pleasing, therefore, to report continued breeding success on all four beds. Not surprisingly most sightings were from No.3 bed where it was reported throughout the year, with birds regularly observed at the John Morgan hide feeders and in the areas of the willow scrub on the bed.

A detailed study by Allan Rustell on breeding Willow Tits in 2015 on the Reserve and the adjacent Paddington Meadows can be found towards the end of this report. In summary, Allan estimates six or seven breeding pairs on No.1 bed, at least three or four pairs on No.3 bed and six or seven pairs on No.4 bed. A single breeding a pair was found on No.2 bed but because of the difficult terrain this bed was not fully explored. Overall, Allan found 12 active nests of which three were predated, one was possibly usurped by Blue Tits and was then predated. Another was definitely usurped by Blue Tits and seven were presumed successfully fledged. In addition to these nests several trial excavations were found and subsequently abandoned.

Whilst it was a successful year for Allan for locating Willow Tit nests, only 21 new birds were caught by the ringers. This is well below the ten year average of 35. This reduction was evident on both beds so it is unlikely that ringing effort is the driver of this change and it appears that breeding success was poor.

On No.1 bed just ten were ringed during the year, the lowest total since 2007, no adults were caught in breeding condition and the first juveniles were ringed on 23rd June. A further three were caught during the year that had been ringed in previous years, two from 2012 and one from 2013.

On No.3 bed 11 new birds were ringed during the year. This is below the 12 year average of 16.5 birds and is the lowest total since 2008 when just nine were ringed. The first fledged juvenile was ringed on 27th June. This is the latest date in the last 12 years. Nine of the birds ringed were juveniles. Birds were retrapped from the following years: three from 2014, one from 2013, and one from 2012.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 13/01/2013

 
166 Marsh Tit
166  Marsh Tit
David Bowman

Parus palustris

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare visitor to the Reserve reported in 2015 and previously 1993.

2015 Records - A rare visitor and red-listed species, one frequented the feeder at the John Morgan hide in the second winter period. It was first noted in mid-November but had probably been present on No.3 bed since September. Confirming its identity proved problematic. It gave an odd “chui” call and not the characteristic “pitchoo” call of a Marsh Tit. A recording of the call was made and sent to Richard Broughton an expert on Marsh and Willow Tit identification. Unfortunately, the call did not match any of Richard’s own recordings and, although he thought it had the “ring” of a Marsh Tit, he did not consider a positive identification possible from the recordings. At times it was observed feeding with a Willow Tit and in comparison the glossy cap, lack of wing panel and neat bib were all noted. However, given the ambiguous nature of the call and the known overlap in plumage features some doubt remained as to the identity. On 4th December, to resolve the issue, a Marsh Tit song was played and the bird immediately responded giving the full “pitch-dee-dee” call, finally confirming its identity. The next day the bird was caught by the ringing team together with a Willow Tit allowing a rare opportunity to see these species side by side.

This is the first record on the Reserve since 1993.

No Woolston image available

 
167 Bearded Tit

Panurus biarmicus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, occasional passage visitor to Woolston.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last report was on 18/10/2007.

No Woolston image available

 
168 Skylark

Alauda arvensis

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, less common than it was with the maturing scrub on the beds. It is however a common flyover species during migration periods and a breeding species on the surronding agricultural land to the north-east and east of the Reserve.

2015 Records - As with many of our farmland species, Skylarks are in serious decline and are red-listed. As usual most reports were from the eastern end of the Reserve. All reports were of birds overflying the Eyes or adjacent farmland. The largest count was 120 in a single flock flying north over No.1 bed on 18th January. Other significant counts were 20 in fields to the south of Butchersfield Tip on 9th February and 10 in song in the same area on 22nd February. In the autumn period 40 were reported over No.1 bed on 13th October, 98 during a migration watch from Butchersfield Tip on 31st October and 50 over No.1 bed on 4th November.

Last year’s unusual autumn passage over No.3 bed was not repeated; there were only five reports with a maximum of three on 24th October. The only record from No.4 bed was of one on 24th February. Similarly, there was only a single report from No.2 bed with four overflying on 14th November.

No Woolston image available

 
169 Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, common passage and summer feeding species on the Reserve with nesting colonies close by.

2015 Records - The first report was of a single bird hawking over No.3 bed on 9th March, the same day the first two Black-necked Grebes returned. This is a very early arrival date for the Reserve. In most years, the first birds arrive between mid to late March; the only earlier record was in 2009 when the first arrived on 2nd March. The next sighting was on 14th March and this was followed by two on 20th March. It was not until the end of March that significant numbers arrived. Seven were seen on the 28th and 15 the following day. The largest counts for the year occurred in mid-April when 210 were feeding over No.3 bed on the 11th and 220 on the 15th, also on No.3 bed. Other significant counts during the spring period were 100 on 1st May, 59 on 5th May and 60 on 19th May. There was no evidence of breeding this year along the Ship Canal and numbers during the summer period were low. The peak counts were 20 on 14th June with all other counts being in single figures. Similarly there were no large post breeding flocks observed with a maximum of 12 on 10th September.

There were few records received away from No.3 bed; one was on No.2 bed on 26th May and 20 were feeding over No.4 bed on 30th July. The last sighting of the year was of one on 15th September on No.3 bed

On No.1 bed seven were caught between 23rd July and 1st September with only one adult amongst them. On No.3 bed only three were ringed during the year. The 12 year average is 20. This species is generally caught at roost, but due to the weather conditions, there was a lack of opportunity to visit the roost, which accounts for the reduction in birds caught.

No Woolston image avilable

 
170 Swallow
170  Swallow
David Bowman

Hirundo rustica

Status: abundant summer visitor to the Reserve which holds large roosting flocks in the autumn passage.

2015 Records - The first sighting of the year was on 4th April when one was seen on No.3 bed. This was followed by one on the 5th and three on the 6th. It was not until 15th April that double-figure counts were made, with 10 on the 15th, 12 on the 17th and 50 on the 28th. In May peak counts were 100 on the 1st and 220 on the 14th. In the summer period birds were regularly seen around the pumping station on No.2 bed, a traditional breeding site and are presumed to have bred there but there was no confirmed evidence. In 2014, 2000 roosted on No.1 bed in mid-August, the largest numbers for ten years. Unfortunately there was no repeat of such large roosts this year. On 10th June 37 were recorded at the roost on No.1 bed; by the 25th July the roost size had increased to 250 but by mid-August had dropped to 150. There are no records of birds roosting on No.3 bed this year but this may be due to the lack of ringing effort on the bed.

In the autumn, the peak count was 607 from Butchersfield Tip on 5th September during a Migration Watch. Other notable autumn counts were 50 in the evening of 14th September on No.3 bed and 20 on the same bed on 17th September. Twelve flew south over No.4 bed on 20th September and six flew south over No.3 bed on 28th September. There were then no other sightings until 10th October when three flew south over No.3 bed.

On No.1 bed, 167 were ringed between 23rd July and 31st August, the best year since 2006. The majority were juveniles as expected, but 15 adults were caught including 10 still in breeding condition, five males and five females. A further bird was caught that had been ringed elsewhere in Britain.

On No.3 bed it was a poor year with only 59 new Swallows ringed. This was due to lack of opportunities due to weather and time rather than numbers of birds. The 12 year annual average is 215 new birds.

No Woolston image available

 
171 House Martin

Delichon urbica

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common summer visitor which feeds on the Reserve and is reported in the Swallow roosts outside the breeding period.

2015 Records - This amber-listed hirundine continues to show signs of a decline in breeding numbers nationally. The first sighting of the year was of three on 11th April on No.3 bed. There were few other records until 28th April when there was a large hirundine movement over No.3 bed during the morning in rainy conditions. Total numbers comprised at least 150 House Martins together with c50 Swallows and two Sand Martins. Other notable counts in the spring included on No.3 bed, 65 on 9th May, 50 on 18th May and 50 on 25th May. In the summer period the largest flocks were observed over No.4 bed with 40 present on 17th June and 80 feeding over the Loop and Giant Hogweed areas on 17th July. On No.3 bed in the summer most counts were of one or two birds with the largest counts of 20 on 14th June and 21 on 27th June. The low numbers on No.3 bed may reflect the decline in breeding numbers in the housing estates surrounding Weir Lane. In late summer and autumn numbers increased with 55 on No.3 bed on 15th August and 30 on the same bed on 4th September. On 5th September 176 were recorded from Butchersfield Tip during a Migration Watch and 50 were on No.1 bed on 7th September. The last large count was 40 on No.3 bed on the evening of 14th September and the final sightings of the year were nine flying south over No.1 bed on 21st September.

No Woolston image available

 
172 Cetti's Warbler

Cettia cetti

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, recently established breeding species, males now present throughout the year on all four beds.

2015 Records - In recent history this species has been noted as a rare visitor with just 11 records prior to 2015. Eight were ringed in 2014, all autumn birds, although one bird was considered to have summered. In contrast, 2015 provided a dramatic increase in records for this species with 89 reports of sightings of singing males from No.1, 2 and 3 beds and the Reserve’s first confirmed successful breeding on No.1 bed.

Over half the records came from the spring/summer period with the first bird in song on 7th March on No.3 bed. No.1 bed followed with a singing male on 5th April. It is thought this bird was subsequently caught by the ringing team on 17th April in the same locality and was identified as a dispersed bird ringed at Leighton Moss in the autumn of 2014 as a juvenile. On 16th April, two were observed in the north-east corner of No.3 bed, a singing male and a second bird, close by, presumed to be a female, entering a suitable nest site. Singing males were regularly heard at two locations on No.1 bed and the north-east corner and south bank of No.3 bed and north-west bank of No.2 bed. Movements of these birds probably accounted for the majority of records through the summer, although perhaps not those of reports and sightings of birds in the centre of the bed by the Tower and John Morgan hides.

It was an excellent year for the ringing teams, with No.1 bed ringing seven birds, including the first nestlings to be ringed in Cheshire. Three juveniles were caught, all between 24th July and 19th August and the final bird of the year, on 3rd November, was also a juvenile. A further two birds were caught that had been ringed elsewhere in Britain, the bird mentioned above from Leighton Moss, and one from Oxmoor, Runcorn. On No.3 bed seven new birds were ringed, including three single juveniles on 25th July and the 2nd and 6th August and four others on October 10th, 17th and 31st (two).

The first breeding was confirmed on the Reserve with a nest on No.1 bed with a clutch of four eggs, from which two birds were subsequently ringed (the first for Cheshire) and fledged. A mild 2015 – 2016 winter followed by a decent summer and this species could become securely established at Woolston.

No Woolston image available

 
173 Long-tailed Tit
173  Long-tailed Tit
Dave Bowman

Aegithalos caudatus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common resident breeding species across the whole Reserve.

2015 Records - A common breeding resident across the whole Reserve. The majority are reported outside the breeding season when feeding flocks advertise their presence with their consistent contact calls. The first record was on 10th January, of ten on No.3 bed and the highest count was of 24 across the whole Reserve on 5th February, of which 16 were on No.2 bed. Regular counts of ten plus were reported up mid-February.

The Common Bird Surveys identified an average of four pairs in suitable breeding habitat on No.2 bed, five birds on No.1 bed and two birds on No.4 bed. Four nests were found: two on No.1 bed, which were both predated at the egg stage; one on No.2 bed, which was not monitored and hence the outcome unknown and one on No.4 bed, which had six eggs but fledging success was not determined.

The ringing teams recorded the lowest totals ringed for this species for over a decade, since 2003 on No.3 bed and 1997 on No.1 bed. Just 22 new birds were ringed on No.3 bed compared to the 12 year average of 63. No.1 bed also recorded a significant drop with 35 new birds ringed compared to a 12 year average for that bed of 66. The combined beds recorded just 11 females in breeding condition (brood patches), five on No.3 bed and six on No.1 bed. No.3 bed caught 16 birds ringed in previous years, the oldest from 2010 whilst No.1 bed had a higher number of 33 captures of previous ringed birds, the oldest from 2012. This means just 106 Long-tailed Tits were handled in 2015, less than the expected total for new birds only.

Photograph from Woolston 01/02/2014

 
174 Yellow-browed Warbler

Phylloscopus inornatus

Status: rare summer migrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last sighting was ???

No Woolston image available

 
175 Wood Warbler

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare passage vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no record submitted. The last report was on 08/05/2001.

No Woolston image available

 
176 Chiffchaff
176  Chiffchaff
Roy Peacock

Phylloscopus collybita

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a very common summer visitor and breeding species found throughout the Reserve.

2015 Records - One of the first migrants to return from annual migration, although small numbers may overwinter. The first returning bird of the year was singing on No.3 bed on 14th March. By 22nd March birds were recorded on all four beds. Numbers rapidly increased through late March and early April. The highest count of the year was recorded on a Common Bird Survey of 8th April when 95 were reported across the Reserve, of which 39 were on No.4 bed.

Three nests were located, one on No.1 bed and two on No.3 bed, but only one nest on No.3 bed fledged young; the others being predated at the egg stage. The highest autumn count of 16 occurred on the Migration Watch from Butchersfield on 5th September and ten were heard on a survey of No.1 & 3 beds on the 12th September. Three, three and five birds were recorded on beds 2, 4 and 3 on the 20th, 22nd and 23rd September respectively. An overwintering bird was heard calling on No.1 bed on 14th December and one ringed, presumably the same, on 15th December.

No.1 bed had another excellent year for this species with 316 new birds ringed, the third highest total since 1995 with the first of the year caught on 2nd April. Just three returning birds were caught, one originally ringed in 2013 with the others from 2014. Fourteen were caught in breeding condition, four females and ten males, the first juveniles were caught on 23rd June. The majority, 161, were caught in September.

In contrast, No.3 bed had the lowest total since 2012 with just 114 new birds ringed, the twelve year average being 151. The ringing team managed far fewer ringing sessions during the summer months and therefore it is difficult to say whether this total of over 100 less than 2014 is down to poor breeding or lack of ringing. The first of the year was a recaptured, previously ringed, individual caught on 4th April and is the latest date for this species in the last 12 years. Eight returned ringed from previous years, six from 2014, one from 2013 and one from 2012. The first juvenile was ringed on 27th June, the latest date in the last twelve years by five days, and the final one of the autumn was ringed on 10th October (one day earlier than last year).

Photograph from No3 Bed 30/05/2013

 
177 Willow Warbler
177  Willow Warbler
Brian Burnett

Phylloscopus trochilus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, another very common summer warbler found and breeding throughout the Reserve.

2015 Records - Another common summer visitor, this amber-listed warbler breeds on all four beds. The first returning migrant was found in the centre of No.3 bed on 8th April. By mid-month numbers had increased and the Common Bird Surveys recorded the following singing males: six on No.3 bed on 16th, ten on No.1 bed on the 17th, 12 on No.4 bed on the 18th and four on No.2 bed on the later date of 26th May. The highest count of the year was 19 across the Reserve on 22nd April.

Ringing records from the teams on No.1 and No.3 beds provided some disappointing statistics. No.1 bed had their lowest number of captures since the current ringing regime started in 1995, with 86 newly-ringed. The first was caught on 17th April and the last on 10th September. A further nine were caught that had been ringed in previous years, with the oldest ringed on 22nd April 2012. Seventeen were caught in breeding condition, eight females and nine males and the first fledged juvenile was caught on 23rd June. No.3 bed ringed 27 new, one less than 2014 but still well below their twelve year average of 39 and the fourth consecutive year of a decline in numbers ringed for this species. The first was ringed on 18th April and the last of the year on 5th September (11 days earlier than 2014, but fairly typical nevertheless). The first juvenile was caught on 25th July (over a month later than in 2014 and the latest date in 12 years) and none were retrapped from previous years.

Photograph from No3 Bed footbridge 2013

 
178 Blackcap
178  Blackcap
Andy Weir

Sylvia atricapilla

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common summer visitor breeding on all four beds.

2015 Records - One of the most numerous summer visitors to be found on the Reserve. The first record was of two on 7th April, a week later than the species return in 2014. By the end of April, numbers had built to a Reserve total peak count of 20. Common Bird Surveys on individual beds during May provided counts of singing males of: 11 on No.4 bed on the 10th, nine on No.3 bed on the 16th, ten on No.2 bed on the 26th, and five on No.1 bed on the 23rd. The last field record of the year was of a single from No.3 bed on 26th October.

The ringing teams had mixed fortunes. No.1 bed had another excellent year with 266 ringed, the second highest total since 1995, but No.3 bed only ringed 183 new; their lowest total since 2008 and the second lowest in the last twelve years, the twelve year average being 320. For No.3 bed the usual September peak for this species did not really occur this year, despite a large amount of elder fruiting on the bed only 60 were ringed in the whole of September 2015 compared to 134 in 2014.

The first captures of the year were a day apart, 8th April on No.3 bed and 9th April on No.1 bed, a fairly typical date. Ten were retrapped from previous years, seven from 2014 and the earliest from 8th July 2012. No.1 bed caught 14 birds in breeding condition, eight females and six males, and the first juveniles were ringed on 23rd June. The first juvenile on No.3 bed was caught over two weeks later on 11th July, the latest date since 2003 and a full month later than 2014. The last of the autumn were 10th October on No.3 bed, a day earlier than 2014 but towards the early side of the average and a more typical date of 20th October on No.1 bed.

Photographed from Sybil Hogg Hide No.3 Bed

 
179 Garden Warbler
179  Garden Warbler
David Spencer

Sylvia borin

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an annual summer visitor, not common but regularly reported on all four Beds.

2015 Records - A dozen field records of this uncommon summer warbler were reported from late April to early July. The first was found on a Common Bird Survey of No.4 bed on 22nd April and two were recorded on 24th April at the opposite end of the Reserve on Butchersfield. One on each of No.1 and No.2 beds were reported on 7th May, with two in song on No.4 bed on 9th May. The highest count was of three birds during a CBS of No.4 bed on 3rd June. A singing male was recorded on a number of occasions in the north-east corner of No.3 bed from mid-May to mid-June.

Typically for this species the ringing teams provided evidence of juvenile dispersal and passage through the Reserve that field records do not capture. This year a total of 16 new was ringed, 14 on No.1 bed, an average number, but just two were ringed on No.3 bed, the lowest annual total for 12 years. The bed average is 16 with 14 ringed in 2014 and a peak year of 38 in 2011. None were caught in spring, the first captures being typical passage dates of the 2nd and 6th August for the two No.3 bed birds and 7th August, when five were ringed on No.1 bed including the only adult of the year. There were three September captures on No.1 bed with the last of the year on the 7th.

Image from No.3 bed south bank 4th May 2016

 
180 Lesser Whitethroat
180  Lesser Whitethroat
Brian Burnett

Sylvia curruca

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an uncommon but annual summer visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - This is arguably our scarcest summer warbler, with just five field records relating to at least one pair and one other individual. The first of the year was a singing male in the Woolston Weir area on 9th May. A second report of a singing male on 28th June in the same area could relate to the same bird. On 4th June, one was watched several times, for a considerable period, alarming and carrying food into thick bramble on No.1 Bed. It almost certainly had young, but the cover was too dense to find a nest.

The two ringing teams both recorded captures of this delicate warbler with two juveniles ringed on No.1 bed, both in August, on the 11th and the 19th, with the latter also recaught on the 24th. After two blank years one was ringed on No.3 bed on 5th September which proved to be the last record of the year.

Photograph from Woolston Weir 05/05/013

 
181 Whitethroat
181  Whitethroat
Andy Weir

Sylvia communis

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common summer visitor breeding across the Reserve.

2015 Records - A common breeding summer visitor. The first record of a returning spring bird was on 15th April on No.3 bed and others were then reported across the Reserve by the end of the month. The peak count was on the Common Bird Survey of 10th May when 27 birds, which included 26 singing males, were noted on No.4 bed. CBS counts of singing males on the other beds during May recorded nine on No.3 bed on the 16th, two on No.1 bed on the 23rd and 14 on No.2 bed on the 26th. The low count on No.1 bed confirms a decline of this species in that area of the Reserve, possibly due to habitat loss connected with the landfill operation and the increasing encroachment of woodland, principally birch. The ringing team on No.1 bed caught four birds in breeding condition, three females and a male.

Only two records of the species were reported after the flurry of spring arrivals, three on No.3 bed on 16th August and what was the last field report of the year, again on No.3 bed, of a single bird on 10th September.

The ringing teams on No.1 and No.3 bed both reported poor records for Whitethroats, with 26 newly ringed on No.1 bed, the third worst total since 1995 and 20 on No.3 bed, the lowest total since 2005. Only one was retrapped from previous years, captured on No.3 bed on the typical date of 25th April, having been originally ringed in 2014. The first juveniles were ringed on 23rd June on No.1 bed and on 11th July, the latest date in the last twelve years, on No.3 bed. The last were ringed on 25th August on No.3 bed, whilst No.1 bed ringed five on the 23rd September.

Photographed from the Centre Hide No.3 Bed

 
182 Grasshopper Warbler
182  Grasshopper Warbler
Simon Smith

Locustella naevia

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a breeding summer visitor in low numbers best looked for early in the morning when the ‘reeling’ song is evident.

2015 Records - A summer visitor and red-listed species, which breeds across the Reserve in small numbers and whose distinctive ‘reeling’ song gives rise to the majority of field records. The first report of the year was of one on No.3 bed on 16th April, with two ‘reeling’ in the centre of the bed on the 17th along with one on the west bank of No.2 bed. The first record for No.1 bed was from the eastern end on 22nd April and there was one in the north-east corner of No.4 bed on 30th April.

Reeling was regularly recorded in three areas on No.3 bed; in the south meadow, the south bank and the area next to the Enviroloo. One was seen carrying food on 5th June near the Enviroloo. The last field records were of ‘reeling’ in the south meadow on 13th July and the centre of the bed on 24th July. The ringing teams caught two this year, both on No.3 bed and both males, on 26th April and 16th May which are typical dates.

Photograph from Woolston 05/05/2012

 
183 Sedge Warbler
183  Sedge Warbler
Roy Peacock

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common breeding summer migrant which has declined along national lines over recent years.

2015 Records - A fairly common breeding summer visitor with the first recorded on 17th April on No.1 bed, with others reported the next day on Nos.3 and 4 beds. Over three quarters of the records were of only one or two birds and the highest counts from the Common Bird Surveys were: four singing males on Nos.3 and 4 beds and three on No.1 bed. The final field record of the year was one on No.1 bed on 7th September.

The ringing teams caught 79 new, 68 on No.3 bed, a low average number, and 11 on No.1 bed, the lowest total since 1995. Only one was retrapped, on No.3 bed, from 2014. The first one ringed was on 18th April on No.3 bed, the earliest date in the last 12 years. No.1 bed ringed its first 25 days later on 13th May when four were caught. The first juveniles were ringed in July, the 11th on No.3 bed (the latest date since 2008) and the 16th on No.1 bed and the last processed were one on No.3 bed on 12th September and two on No.1 bed on 19th September.

Photograph from No3 Bed 25/06/2013

 
184 Blyth's Reed Warbler
184  Blyth's Reed Warbler
Robert Harris

Acrocephalus dumetorum

Status: very rare summer vagrant to Woolston, last recorded in

2014 Records - no sightings reported. The last and only report of this species was on 26/08/2000 when one was caught and ringed by the ringing team on No.1 Bed.

The photograph opposite is one the ringers took. A video of the bird was also taken along with the biometrics recorded to support ID and evidence for county records.

 
185 Marsh Warbler

Actocephalus palustris

Status: a rare summer migrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last record of Marsh Warbler was ???

No Woolston image available

 
186 Reed Warbler
186  Reed Warbler
Andy Weir

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common summer breeding species present in numbers on all four Beds.

2015 Records - The first returning bird of this common breeding summer visitor was found on 14th April on No.3 bed. The peak counts reported through spring were records of singing males from Common Bird Surveys when ten were found on No.4 bed on 10th May, six on No.3 bed on 16th May, 12 on No.1 bed on 23rd May and five on No.2 bed on 26th May. One nest was found on No.4 bed, containing four eggs, though the fledging success was not determined.

Only single digit numbers were recorded throughout the rest of the season, with the last field sighting reported on 2nd September.

A total of 431 new birds was ringed this year: 309 on No.3 bed, slightly above their 12 year average catch of 294 but the lowest number of the last three years and 122 on No.1 bed, an average total. A total of 32 was retrapped from previous years, 16 on both beds. The oldest was ringed on 28th July 2007 on No.1 bed but not caught again until this year. An adult male, ringed on No.3 bed in 2009 (so hatched in at least 2008), has been handled six times since, but went missing or evaded the nets in 2012 and 2013 before being retrapped once in 2014 and 2015. Six were caught carrying rings from sites other than Woolston Eyes.

The first were ringed in April, the second earliest date in the last 12 years for No.3 bed, on the 18th and 22nd April on No.1 bed. The first juveniles were ringed on fairly typical dates of 26th and 27th June on No.1 bed and No.3 bed respectively. The last were ringed on an early date of 26th September on No.3 bed and 25th September on No.1 bed. Of those caught on No.1 bed, 24 were in breeding condition, nine females and 15 males.

Photograph from No3 Bed Platform Hide 06/07/2013

 
187 Waxwing

Bombycilla garrulus

Status: a rare sighting for the Reserve. The last record was of three near Woolston Weir in March 2013.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report of Waxwing was on 07/03/2013.

No Woolston image available

 
188 Nuthatch

Sitta europaea

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an uncommon visitor to the Eyes although local sites hold breeding populations close to the Reserve.

2015 Records - Eight records were reported during the year all of single birds between 22nd April and 16th December, although the two separate records received on the latter date could have related to the same individual. The majority of reports of this uncommon visitor have traditionally been from the eastern side of the Reserve, however this year No.3 bed provided four records on 22nd April, 22nd July, 14th August and 10th October. Two singles were reported on 16th December from the Weir Basin and No.2 bed with only two sightings from the eastern region of Butchersfield on 5th September and 31st October during the annual Migration Watches.

No Woolston image available

 
189 Treecreeper

Certhia familiaris

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an uncommon species on the Reserve, present but its secretive nature probably results in its under reporting.

2015 Records - There were six field records received during the year all of singles: three from No.3 bed on 23rd September, the 3rd and 15th December; one each on No.1 and No.4 beds on the same date of 3rd November and one in song on No.2 bed on 9th March.

In contrast to the field sightings, the ringing teams ringed 16 new birds. It was a record year for this species on No.1 bed, with 12 newly ringed, the first of the year, both juveniles, were caught on 11th June and a further five juveniles were ringed, with the last on 19th August. The last of the year was on 8th October. On No.3 bed four were ringed during the year, below the 12 year average of 6.5, and unusually two were ringed on the early date of February 28th. More typically, the first of the others was ringed on 16th August, as juveniles began to disperse. The last one was ringed on 27th December.

No Woolston image available

 
190 Wren
190  Wren
Roy Peacock

Troglodytes troglodytes

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a very common breeding resident found throughout the year.

2015 Records - A common breeding resident found on all four beds and surrounds. The peak counts were typically recorded during the Common Bird Surveys of the spring when singing males are recorded. The highest counts on No.1 and No.3 bed were of: 14 on 21st March, followed by counts of 17 on No.4 bed on 27th March and 17 on No.2 bed on 4th April. The single highest count was of 33 on No.2 bed on 26th May on one of the final CBS of the year.

Two nests were reported, one with six eggs on No.2 bed, the fledging outcome for the nest is unknown and one on No.3 bed, where on 31st July, young were watched fledging from the Frank Linley Hide.

The ringing teams collectively recorded a total of 115 newly ringed and 14 retrapped, from previous years. No.3 bed team ringed 67 new, the lowest total of the last 12 years and comes after the 2014 record total of 118. Their 12 year average is 94. In contrast, No.1 bed with 48 ringed was a reasonable number for the bed. There were nine retrapped on No.3 bed, four originally ringed in 2014, two from 2013, two from 2012 and one from 2011. The oldest of the five retrapped birds caught on No.1 bed was originally ringed on 15th October 2011. The first fledged juveniles were ringed on 27th June (over three weeks later than 2014) on No.3 bed and two weeks later on 10th July on No.1 bed. Eleven were caught in breeding condition on No.1 bed, five females and six males.

Photograph from No.3 Bed 25/05/2013

 
191 Starling
191  Starling
Andy Weir

Sturnus vulgaris

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, apart from the fly-over birds from the surrounding urbanisation on the southern and western environs Starlings are not common birds on the Reserve. Flocks of varying numbers often roost in the reed beds outside the breeding season.

2015 Records - The first record of the year for this red-listed species was on 4th January, when around 300 came to roost in the reeds on No.3 bed. By the end of the month this roost had built to a peak of ca 200,000 and providing spectacular murmurations. Roost numbers continued to increase during the first half of February with a peak count of ca 350,000 birds mid-month recorded on 16th and 18th February and attracted a number of predators, Peregrine, Sparrowhawk, Marsh Harrier and Barn Owl being regularly reported. The roost decreased in early March to 200,000 on the 3rd and just 150 on the 5th with the last record of the period of 35 on the 14th.

The Migration Watches from Butchersfield reported counts of 45 on 5th September and 1366 on 31st October and a flock of 250 was recorded feeding on fields south of Bollin Point on 17th November. A small roost, peak count of 200 on 15th June, developed during June and July on No.3 bed and again in the autumn starting with 100 seen leaving at dawn on 17th October and built to a peak count of 800 birds by 21st November. A roost developed on No.1 bed at the year end, first noted on 17th December when 3000 roosted in the small east pool reed bed. It moved to the larger west pool reed bed on the 19th with numbers increasing to ca 10,000.

Photograph of the 2014 roost on No3 Bed 01/03/2014

 
192 Ring Ouzel
192  Ring Ouzel
David Bowman

Turdus torquata

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last reported sighting was ???

No Woolston image available

 
193 Blackbird

Turdus merula

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, an abundant breeding species across the whole Reserve.

2015 Records - This is a common breeding resident bird on the Reserve with winter visitors swelling the population. The Common Bird Surveys during spring provided high counts of 15 found on No.4 bed and 16 on No.2 bed, including one carrying nest material on 4th April. In contrast, only six were recorded on No.1 bed, two in song, one with food and three others on 23rd May with just three in song on No.3 bed on 21st March. Two nests were found, one on No.1 bed which was predated after the fourth egg was laid. The other, on No.4 bed, was found containing three young but it was not determined if these fledged.

During autumn the Migration Watches recorded high counts in October with 15 on the 24th from No.3 bed and 17 from Butchersfield on the 31st. The highest count of the year was of 29 on 14th November at Bollin Point.

There were only 31 ringed this year, the lowest number for at least 12 years. The 13 ringed on No.1 bed was the third lowest number over 20 years and No.3 bed ringed just over a third of the average number for that bed. Only four were ringed as 3Js (indicating local breeding) three on No.3 bed on 6th June and 6th and 12th August with a single on No.1 bed on 6th August, which is very disappointing. Six were caught on No.1 bed in breeding condition, only one female and five males. This species was only handled on a total of 41 occasions on both beds during the year, which is just below half of the total of 84 for No.3 bed alone last year.

No Woolston image available

 
194 Fieldfare

Turdus pilaris

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, found in the mid-autumn - winter months on the Reserve edges feeding on the Hawthorn and other berry bearing shrubs and common fly-over birds.

2015 Records - A winter visitor which is most often recorded flying over the Reserve in large numbers, with significantly smaller numbers staying to feed.

During the early winter period the first large flock was recorded on 5th February flying over No.1 bed from the fields to the north, while 75 flew east over No.3 bed on 21st March. Small single numbers were reported on beds Nos.1, 3 and 4 from 10th January to the latter date above.

The first autumn migrants were recorded in mid-October, with two on No.1 bed and 38 on No.3 bed on the 16th and 17th respectively. The Migration Watch on Butchersfield on 31st October recorded the highest count of the year, with 1875 birds passing through. High double-figure counts were then reported on numerous dates through November and December.

There were no birds ringed or processed by the ringing teams this year.

No Woolston image available

 
195 Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a resident breeding species which has declined in recent years but still frequently sighted.

2015 Records - A resident breeding species with an autumn passage usually evident. Low single digit numbers were reported from the start of the year until a Reserve wide count of 27 was recorded, of which 14 were on No.4 bed, on 25th February. The Common Bird Surveys recorded singing male high counts of: five on No.3 bed on 21st March, eight on No.2 bed (from 15 birds observed) on 4th April, nine on No.4 bed on 18th April and three on No.1 bed with one carrying food on 23rd May. Two nests on No.1 bed and one nest on No.3 bed were found. One nest on No.1 bed fledged three young, with both the other nests predated at the egg stage.

On 16th October 31 were recorded on No.3 bed, twenty counted from around the bed and 11 which were seen to drop into the east bank suggesting a significant arrival of migrants.

This was another poor year for this delicate thrush, with one third lower numbers ringed than in the poor year of 2014. The six ringed on No.1 bed was the lowest total since 1997 and the No.3 bed ringing total of 18 was disappointing against a 12 year average of 28. Between the two beds only four breeding females were handled, with just one on No.1 bed. The first young, probably a local juvenile, was ringed on No.3 bed on 2nd August whilst on No.1 bed the first juvenile was not ringed until the autumn passage on 29th September.

No Woolston image available

 
196 Redwing

Turdus iliacus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a regularly sighted winter visitor favours Hawthorn thicket and other berry shrubs wherever they occur on the Reserve. Occasionl roosts are reported and fly-over flocks are common.

2015 Records - An autumn/winter migrant from September to April. The first field record was of one on No.2 bed on 2nd January. Double-figure counts were recorded throughout January with a peak of 70 on the 19th. A drop in sightings was noted in February from a high of 50 on the 5th to 14 on the 7th, ten on the 8th and a single on the 20th. Three sightings were recorded in March with 40 in trees on the south bank of No.3 bed on the 17th being of note. The last record of the first winter period was of three on No.3 bed on 4th April.

Returning autumn passage was first noted when four were seen on No.3 bed on 10th October, followed by 70 on No.1 bed on the 13th and 350 there three days later on the 16th. A movement westward over No.3 bed totalled 1050 on the 17th October, which was the peak count for the year. The last record for the year was of 50 flying south observed from Butchersfield on 30th December.

The use of a new lure by the ringing teams proved very effective in enticing birds into the mist nets with a record 101 ringed on No.3 bed but, despite its success in 2014 when its use provided a record 52 birds, only 28 were ringed on No.1 bed this year.

The only ones ringed in the first winter period were ten on No.3 bed, the last on 7th February. The first bird of the autumn period was ringed on 10th October on No.3 bed, the third earliest date in the last 12 years and 12th October on No.1 bed. On 17th October 55 birds were ringed on No.3 bed. This daily total is more than would be ringed in most years prior to the use of the new lure. The majority caught were juveniles with four adults on No.1 bed and 28 on No.3 bed and the final one of the year was ringed on 4th November.

No Woolston image available

 
197 Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a resident bird across the whole Reserve but irregularly reported.

2015 Records - Now showing worrying signs of a breeding decline nationally, there were 14 records of this irregular visitor across the Reserve during the year. The first, on 10th January, of a single on No.3 bed, was followed by six records between 19th March and 28th October of two birds. Singing males were noted on No.1 bed on 6th and 21st March.

The highest counts of the year were typically from the Migration Watches from Butchersfield of 28 on 5th September and four on 31st October. The last record was of two around the No.3 bed meadows on 21st November.

No Woolston image available

 
198 Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, an irregular summer and passage visitor to Woolston but recorded most years.

2015 Records - no records this year. The last report was ???

No Woolston image available

 
199 Robin
199  Robin
Les Jones

Erithacus rubecula

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a common resident throughout the Reserve.

2015 Records - A common resident across the whole Reserve, with the highest first quarter count of 45 singing males on 25th February, closely followed by a Reserve total of 43 birds on 25th March. The highest counts of singing males from the Common Bird Surveys in the spring were: 13 for No.1 bed, 28 for No.2 bed, 27 for No.4 bed and 12 for No.3 bed. Autumn records peaked at 61 on 16th September and 63, the highest count for the year, on 29th October.

Ringers on the Reserve ringed 133 new birds. No.1 bed ringed 80 and recaught a further ten from previous years, the oldest ringed on 15th May 2010. Seven adults were caught in breeding condition, three females and four males and the first juvenile was ringed on 30th May. The team on No.3 bed had the lowest total for the last 12 years, with just 53 ringed, against an average of 87. The first juvenile was ringed on 23rd May (almost three weeks later than in 2014).

Photograph from Woolston

 
200 Nightingale
200  Nightingale

Luscinia megarhynchos

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a very rare vagrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last report of Nightingale was on 11/08/2000 when one was caught and ringed on No.4 Bed.

Photograph of the ringed Nightingale from No.4 Bed 11/08/2000

 
201 Bluethroat

Luscinia svecica

Status: a rare vagrant to the Eyes.

2014 Records - no reports submitted. The last record of Bluethroat was on 06/07/1996.

No Woolston image available

 
202 Red-breasted Flycatcher

Ficedula parva

Status: a rare vagrant, the 2013 record was the first and only record of this species on the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted.

No Woolston image available

 
203 Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula parva

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a rare ( last recorded in 2005, 2012 and 2013) passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted.

No Woolston image available

 
204 Redstart
204  Redstart
David Spencer

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, an infrequent visitor to the Reserve but has been suspected of breeding.

2015 Reports - No field records were received of this attractive migrant during the year but a single first year male was ringed on No.1 bed on 29th August. This is the third successive year the species has been ringed on that bed and the 15th for the bed since 1995.

No Woolston image available

 
205 Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a regular passage visitor in small numbers to the Eyes.

2015 Records - A single passage record from the north side of No.1 bed on 7th March was the only report this year.

No Woolston image available

 
206 Wheatear
206  Wheatear
Dave Bowman

Oenanthe oenanthe

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a regular passage visitor to the Reserve in small numbers.

2015 Records - Although uncommon on the Reserve, reports are usually received annually during migration passage. The only record this year was of one on No.3 bed on 7th April.

Photograph from No1 Bed 24/08/2013

 
207 Whinchat
207  Whinchat
David Spencer

Saxicola rubetra

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a rare passage visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - This uncommon passage migrant, last recorded in 2010, has now been moved from the amber list to the red list. Just one was reported, from No.4 bed on 11th May.

Image from No.3 bed South Meadow on 3rd May 2016

 
208 Dunnock
208  Dunnock
Chris Monks

Prunella modularis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common breeding resident seen over the whole Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - A common resident, breeding on all four beds. The highest counts across the Reserve were of 11 on 25th February and again on 21st March. The results from the Common Bird Surveys in spring gave the highest totals of singing males as: five on both No.1 and No.3 bed on 21st March, eight on No.4 bed on 27th March and nine on No.2 bed on 4th April.

The ringing teams caught 69, below the 12 year average of 90 and a far cry from the 114 ringed in 2014. No.1 bed had an average year with 21 ringed and three previous years’ recaptures, the oldest from 2013. Three adults were caught in breeding condition, two males and a female and the first juvenile was ringed on 23rd June. No.3 bed ringed 48, just over half of the 92 ringed in 2014 and against the bed’s 12 year average of 69. The first juvenile was ringed on a typical date of 6th June. It was however seven weeks, on the 25th July, before the next juvenile was ringed. In total twenty-three juveniles were ringed and the oldest recaptured bird was from 2011.

No Woolston image available

 
209 House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, uncommon on the Reserve but noted along the canal path leading into the Reserve and around the Weir Pool housing area.

2015 Records - This red listed species breeds on some of the adjacent housing estates and occasionally strays on to the nearby beds. There were just seven sightings this year and only one double-figure count. On 5th February four were near Latchford Locks and then two were near the Latchford entrance to the Reserve on 26th March. Singles were then noted on 5th and 12th June, the first a male on the Canal bank by No.4 bed and the second a female on the east bank of No.3 bed. A further female was on the east bank of No.3 bed on 31st July. There were then two September records, with 20 on the No.4 bed Canal track on the 1st and one on No.1 bed on the 10th of the month.

Given their relative scarcity, only small numbers are ringed and not in every year. This year just one, an adult male, was ringed, on No.3 bed on 5th May.

No Woolston iamgea available

 
210 Tree Sparrow

Passer montanus

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare visitor at all times, best viewed for on the northern edges of the eastern end of the Reserve where breeding populations occur in the surrounding agricultural land.

2015 Records - no records submitted. Last reported in 2013.

No Woolston iamge available

 
211 Yellow Wagtail
211  Yellow Wagtail
Brian Burnett

Motacilla flava

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, breeds locally on the adjacent farmland which contributes to fly over records but irregulr visitor to the Eyes.

2015 Records - This attractive migrant wagtail seems to be making something of a comeback locally, with increasing numbers breeding on arable fields to both north and south of the Reserve. This was reflected in our sightings during both passage periods, with an exceptional eight records received. Unless noted otherwise, all were from No.3 bed. The first was a single on 12th April, followed by two on the 15th and one on the 19th of the month. Two were then on the Morgan Hide scrape on 4th May, followed by a male there, briefly, on the 25th. On 11th July, a juvenile was feeding with Pied Wagtails on the muddy area inside the north bank of No.3 bed. Finally, seven were counted during the Migration Watch of 5th September, all of which were feeding on the arable fields to the north of Butchersfield Tip.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 19/04/2014

 
212 Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cineria

Status: BoCC4 moved from amber to red-listed, a handful of records per annum on the Reserve and frequent as a fly over sighting. A favoured site is on Latchford Locks approaching the Reserve.

2015 Records - This smart wagtail is showing worrying signs of a continuing decline nationally. One or two were seen on numerous dates throughout the year, across the Reserve and breeding was proved at Latchford Locks, with another pair present under the Thelwall Viaduct.

Six were ringed during the year. Five were caught on No.1 bed between 15th and 24th September, all of which were first years. On No.3 bed just one was ringed, despite using a tape lure which had proved effective in attracting passage birds the previous year. It was ringed on 12th August, having been caught in a net set to catch Green Sandpipers.

No Woolston image available

 
213 Pied Wagtail
213  Pied Wagtail
Dave Bowman

Motacilla alba yarelli

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, present all year on all four Beds. Small roosts can occur outside of the breeding and in the autumn/winter periods.

2015 Records - This smart wagtail is showing worrying signs of a continuing decline nationally. One or two were seen on numerous dates throughout the year, across the Reserve and breeding was proved at Latchford Locks, with another pair present under the Thelwall Viaduct.

Six were ringed during the year. Five were caught on No.1 bed between 15th and 24th September, all of which were first years. On No.3 bed just one was ringed, despite using a tape lure which had proved effective in attracting passage birds the previous year. It was ringed on 12th August, having been caught in a net set to catch Green Sandpipers.

Photograph from No.3 Bed John Morgan hide 01/03/2013

 
214 Richard's Pipit

Anthus richardi

Status: a rare vagrant to Woolston, a record submitted to the county records in 2013 is waiting acceptance.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The sighting by D. Riley of two flying over No.1 Bed calling on 15th October 2013 is the only record for the Reserve since another flyover bird over No.1 Bed on 04/10/2008.

No Woolston image available

 
215 Tree Pipit

Anthus trivialis

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, an irregular bird of passage with peak passage in August - September. 2012 was a record year for the ringing team with 5 birds ringed.

2015 Records - A red listed summer visitor, Tree Pipit is a scarce passage migrant at Woolston. The only sighting was of three flying south over Butchersfield Tip during the Migration Watch of 5th September.

From a ringing perspective, however, it was a record year with six ringed between 11th August and 10th September, all from No.1 bed and all first years.

No Woolston image available

 
216 Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, uncommon on the Reserve but common fly over with large passage during migration. Peak period being September and early October.

2015 Records - This predominantly upland breeding pipit has been in steady decline as a breeding species since the 1970s. Never very numerous, they are more often seen at the eastern end of the Reserve and during passage periods. Highest counts were of: 20 to the south of Butchersfield Tip on 9th February, 18 on No.1 bed from 19th to 21st March, 30 on No.1 bed on 13th October and 43 passing over Butchersfield Tip during the Migration Watch of 31st October.

On No.1 bed it was another excellent year, with 59 ringed between 18th September and 12th October, with a higher than expected number of adults, 15, caught. On No.3 bed six were ringed, one on the 19th September and five on the 26th. Just 21 have been ringed on the bed during the last twelve years and this year’s was the joint highest total. Passage over the bed occurs during a very brief window and seemingly earlier than on No.1 bed.

No Woolston image available

 
217 Water Pipit

Anthus spinoletta

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare visitor to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no sightings submitted. The last report was on 01/02/2000.

No Woolston image available

 
218 Chaffinch
218  Chaffinch
Dave Bowman

Fringilla coelebs

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common breeding resident on the Reserve on all four Beds.

2015 Records - This is one of the commoner finches, particularly when flocks form in winter, feeding on the seed crop in No.3 bed or at any of the feeding stations. Small numbers usually breed across all four beds. The first winter period opened with 25 on No.3 bed on 3rd January, increasing to around 100 towards month end. Eighty were still present on No.3 bed on 6th February, with numbers slowly declining as spring approached, with 40 there on 28th February and 30 on 4th March. Although sizeable flocks are usually present around the No.1 bed feeding station, no counts were received this year.

During the breeding season males can be heard in song right across the Reserve and the Common Bird Surveys located a maximum of 17 such territories, distributed as follows: six on No.1 bed, five on No.2 bed, 1 on No.3 bed and five on No.4 bed. Breeding was confirmed when a nest on No.2 bed fledged four young.

October saw the start of the usual autumn/winter build up on No.3 bed, with 20 on the 2nd growing to 80 by the 10th of the month. The only count of significance away from No.3 bed was of 71, during the Migration watch from Butchersfield Tip on 31st October. By 19th November, just over 100 were spread between the seed crop and the feeding stations on No.3 bed. The flock then peaked at 200 on 28th November, all feeding together on the No.3 bed seed crop, before starting to decline as seed stocks were reducing towards year end. The last count of significance was of 60, in the same area on 27th December.

The total of 276 ringed during the year was fairly typical, though substantially lower than the previous year’s 401. On No.1 bed, though, it was the best year since 2010 with 103 ringed and 11 caught from previous years. The oldest was ringed on 25th February 2005 as a second year, making it 11 years old when caught this year, with another that was ringed on 20th October 2007. Ten adults were caught in breeding condition, eight males and two females and the first juvenile was caught on 27th June. On No.3 bed it was a slightly above average year with 173 ringed. The first juvenile was ringed on the quite early date of 6th June. As with some other species this year, the first fledgling didn’t lead to more being ringed and it was 2nd August before the next juvenile was ringed. The winter feed crop and the feeding station provided 112 new birds during October–December. Many of these had long wing lengths (90mm and above) indicating probable Scandinavian origin.

Photograph of a male Chffinch from No3 Bed 26/01/2013

 
219 Brambling
219  Brambling
Glen Ellis

Fringilla montifringilla

Status: the Reserve attracts passage visitors and holds wintering birds, best seen around the feeding stations on No3 Bed outside the John Morgan Hide.

2015 Records - This passage and winter visitor inumbers vary from year to year depending on the availability of natural seed crops and particularly of beech mast. The early part of the year was typical, with just a few present on many dates and gave no sign of what a good autumn/winter was to follow. The year opened well with seven on No.1 bed on 19th January and two under the Morgan Hide feeders on No.3 bed on the same date. Thereafter, all sightings refer to single birds, usually males, on No.3 bed, between 20th January and 15th March.

The first sign of autumn passage was of one on No.3 bed on 20th October. Single figure counts were then regular until 28th November, when 30 were feeding on No.3 bed, 25 of them under the Morgan Hide feeders. From then on, the flock grew to record levels for the Reserve, with peak counts of 80 on 13th December and 60 on the 15th of the month.

The numbers present on No.3 bed were not fully reflected in the numbers ringed, with the 41 being significantly less than the 96 from 2013. On No.1 bed, just one ringed during the year, a first year male on 3rd December. For No.3 bed it was a good year, with 40 ringed. These all came from the second winter period from 7th November to year end, nine in November and 31 in December. To have caught 40 birds at the back end of the year is slightly unusual for Woolston. The table below shows the numbers ringed in each month (in the 11 years from 2004-2015). As can be seen, peak numbers usually occur in March and April, with many of them almost in full breeding plumage by that stage.

Nov 15, Dec 53, Jan 31, Feb 19, Mar 69, Apr 83

Photograph of males approaching breeding plumage and duller females from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 30/12/2012.

 
220 Greenfinch
220  Greenfinch
Dave Bowman

Carduelis chloris

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, present all year round throughout the Reserve. Resident bird numbers are swollen by over wintering visitors. Concentrations can easily be seen on the No3 Bed feeding stations outside the John Morgan Hide.

2015 Records - A common species at Woolston, with good-sized flocks around the feeding stations and No.3 bed seed crop in winter and small numbers breeding across all beds. Peak numbers during the first part of the year occurred during early January, with 100 present on No.3 bed on 8th and 10th January. Smaller counts were then regularly made on No.3 bed, with maxima of 60 on 22nd January and 50 on 6th February. During the breeding season the Common Bird Survey located 13 singing males, with: two on No.1 bed, seven on No.2 bed, three on No.3 bed and one on No.4 bed. Only one nest was found, on No.4 bed and this was predated at the egg stage.

A post-breeding flock of around 60 was regularly noted on No.3 bed throughout August. Maxima to year end then included: around 70 on 10th and 24th October, 100 on 28th November, 130 on 5th December and 150 on 12th December.

The total of 603 ringed during the year was about average, though with differing fortunes between the two beds where ringing takes place. On No.1 bed, it was the third best year since 1995 with 474 ringed and a further 16 from previous years caught. The oldest of these was from 2012. Ten were caught in breeding condition, eight males and two females, while the first juvenile was ringed on 23rd June. On No.3 bed it was the second lowest total of the last 12 years with just 129 ringed. The 12 year average is 273 new birds (the record year was 2003, with 1199 new birds being ringed and was therefore not included as part of the averages to avoid skewing the figures). The first juvenile bird was ringed on 6th June, not an untypical date. The attraction of an alternative feeding station on the bed has been thought to reduce the number of birds being ringed, possibly due to its more open aspect. This may not be the full picture however as only three birds were retrapped from 2014.

Photograph from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 28/12/2013

 
221 Goldfinch
221  Goldfinch
Andy Weir

Carduelis carduelis

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a common bird over the whole Reserve throughout the year.

2015 Records - This attractive finch is predominantly resident at Woolston, though some UK birds do move south to the Mediterranean in winter. Winter feeding flocks usually form and small numbers breed. The first winter period saw only small gatherings, with maxima of 12 on No.3 bed on 10th January, 15 on Butchersfield Tip on the 22nd of the month and 20 on No.3 bed on 3rd February. Although a few were present on each bed during the Common Bird Surveys, just three were singing males, two on No.2 bed and one on No.3 bed and there was no confirmation of breeding.

Most of the highest counts from the autumn and late winter came from the seed crop area of No.3 bed. An exception was a count of 103 over Butchersfield Tip during the Migration Watch on 5th September. No.3 bed then held 100 on 10th September, with 40 still there on the 15th. A flock of 20 was regularly present on the bed during November, with 30 on 10th December, while No.4 bed had a feeding flock of 40 on 12th of the month.

The total of 15 ringed during the year was a little below average. The 11 ringed on No.1 bed was considered a reasonable total and the first juvenile was ringed on 10th July. Never commonly ringed on No.3 bed, this year four birds were ringed compared with the 12 year average of five.

No Woolston image available

 
222 Siskin
222  Siskin
David Bowman

Carduelis spinus

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, not a common bird on the Reserve but frequently reported. Largely a passage and winter visitor it takes advantage of the feeding stations but best area is the eastern end of the Reserve on Butchersfield with its higher concentration of Alders.

2015 Records - The UK’s Siskin breeding population is thriving and is supplemented by the arrival of European migrants in the winter. At Woolston it is a passage migrant and winter visitor, with numbers varying from year to year. This year, unusually, none was reported from the first half of the year though return passage was well above average. The first returning migrants were two, over No.3 bed, on 11th July. Sightings were then very regular through to year end. No.1 bed saw two notable movements in July, with 25 heading south on the 16th and 30, also moving south, on the 24th of the month. A similar movement, of 20, also passed over No.1 bed on 19th August. On the same date, 30 were watched passing west along the south bank of No.3 bed. September brought three more notable counts, with 50 south during the Migration watch from Butchersfield Tip on the 5th, 40 over No.1 bed on the 7th and 30 feeding in trees by the No.3 bed footbridge on the 17th of the month. The last sizeable count was of 15 by Butchersfield Tip on 2nd December.

The good numbers noted visually were also reflected in the ringing totals, with 21 ringed during the year, which compares with just 54 in the previous thirty-five years. All of these were from No.1 bed, where the previous highest total was 11. There had been a nationwide influx during the summer with record counts at east coast observatories and the Woolston total probably reflects that. All captures were between 16th July and 13th October, all were birds of the year and most were still in juvenile plumage.

No Woolston image available

 
223 Linnet

Carduelis canabina

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, although declining in numbers from past years Linnets are still regularly recorded and small numbers breed on the Reserve, best looked for in open weedy areas on Nos 1, 2 and 4 Beds and the seed crop area of No3 Bed.

2015 Records - This finch breeds in small numbers and can form sizeable winter flocks. Numbers have been declining steadily across England and Wales in recent years, though with something of a resurgence in Scotland. At Woolston, the winter seed crop on No.3 bed continues to attract reasonable numbers during the winter. The year opened with 200 just south of the Ship Canal, across from Butchersfield Tip, on 30th January. By 9th February this flock had reduced to 150. During the breeding season a total of 25 was located across the four beds, distributed as follows: eight on No.1 bed, 16 on No.2 bed, one on No.3 bed and none on No.4 bed. Of these, just two were males in song, on No.2 bed on 26th May. Five nests were located in total, four on No.2 bed and one on No.4 bed. The No.4 bed nest and one of those on No.2 bed each contained three eggs, while two of the nests on No.2 bed held four eggs. None of these were further monitored to determine fledging success. The remaining nest on No.2 bed resulted in successfully fledged young.

All counts of significance from the second half of the year came from around the seed crop on No.3 bed. Twenty were present in early November, rising to 48 by the 19th and to 140 by the 28th, though few were noted after that.

Despite the presence of a large flock on No.3 bed, just one was ringed during the year and this from No.1 bed, a male in breeding condition on 13th May.

No Woolston image available

 
224 Twite

Carduelis Flavirostris

Status:: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare passage and winter visitor.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last record was ???

No Woolston image available

 
225 Lesser Redpoll
225 Lesser Redpoll
Douglas Buchanan

Carduelis cabaret

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a regular recorded bird usually seen in feeding flocks outside the breeding season and occasionally on the feeding stations over the summer months.

2015 Records - This diminutive finch once bred in small numbers but is now just a passage and winter visitor. Highest counts from early in the year, all from No.3 bed, were of eight on 14th March, seven on the 18th of the month and 11 on 20th April. There were, as usual, no sightings during the breeding season. Return passage was first noted on 10th July, when one flew over No.1 bed. Small numbers were then regularly encountered on all beds through to year end, with the only sizeable flock being of 50, which was present on No.1 bed between 13th and 26th October, reducing to 20 by 27th of the month. During late November and early December up to a dozen offered exceptionally close views on No.3 bed, as they fed on Mugwort, at eye level in front of the Morgan Hide. Ten, feeding in Alders around the Loop of No.4 bed on 15th December was the last notable count.

Overall, it was a good year from a ringing perspective, though fortunes differed between the two ringing teams. On No.1 bed it was a record year with 93 ringed. There were no captures from previous years but two were caught that had been ringed elsewhere in Britain. All were caught between 16th July and 7th December, and three adults were in breeding condition, two males and a female. October was the peak month on No.1 bed, with 47 ringed. It was a contrasting experience on No.3 bed with just 15 of these lovely finches ringed. This compares with a twelve year average of 27.

Photograph from No3 Bed

 
226 Common Redpoll

Carduelis flammea

Status: an uncommon mainly winter visitor and migrant.

2015 Records - No reports submitted this year. The last record received was a bird caught and photographed by Mike Baron on No.1 bed on 6th December showed characteristics of Common Redpoll.

No Woolston image available

 
227 Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

Status: BoCC4 green-listed, a scarce passage visitor to the Reserve. Reported less than annually it has however been recorded in consecutive years in 2014 and 2015.

2015 Records - This occasionally irruptive species breeds in extensive pine woods across the UK and is a less than an annual visitor. The sole sighting this year was of one which flew over Butchersfield Tip calling, during the Migration Watch on 31st October.

No Woolston image available

 
228 Bullfinch
228  Bullfinch
Andy Weir

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, Woolston has a very healthy population of Bullfinch which is supplemented by wintering birds and can be seen throughout the year across all Beds. Regularly uses the feeding stations on No3 Bed.

2015 Records - Bullfinch remains common at Woolston, breeding regularly on all four beds. Double-figure counts are regular outside the breeding season, particularly around the Morgan Hide feeding station. Highest counts from early in the year were of: 13 across the whole Reserve on 8th January, up to a dozen (with eight males) regularly visiting the Morgan Hide feeders into early February and a Reserve-wide count of 21 on 5th February.

Given its secretive nature, it is easy to overlook this species during our Common Bird Surveys. This year was a little more productive than usual, with two singing males located on No.2 bed on 4th April and a female flushed off an active nest on No.3 bed on 16th April. In addition, four were present in suitable breeding habitat on No.1 bed on several dates. A single nest was found with three eggs on No.4 bed, though fledging was not determined.

The highest counts from the second half of the year were of 24 around Butchersfield Tip during the Migration Watch on 31st October and 15 across the whole Reserve on 2nd December.

A truer sense of the prevalence of Bullfinches at Woolston comes from the ringing data. The 264 newly ringed this year is a record. When the 86 re-traps from previous years are taken into account, a remarkable 350 different birds were handled by the ringing teams during the year. The 82 ringed on No.1 bed equalled the previous best from 2010, with a further 26 also caught from previous years. Twenty adults were caught in breeding condition, 15 males and five females while the first juveniles were caught on 23rd June. On No.3 bed it was also a record year with 182 ringed, taking the twelve year average to 100. Amazingly, of the 3446 handlings of birds on No.3 bed during the year 511 (14.8%) were of Bullfinch. The first juvenile bird was ringed on 6th June, with another on the 27th. It was then 2nd August before the next juvenile was caught. Poor weather must have really devastated the earlier breeding attempts. In total 128 juvenile birds were ringed. In August 84 juvenile birds were ringed including 24 on the 2nd alone and 47 by the 8th. Breeding continued quite late with three that were still undergoing post juvenile moult ringed on 10th October.

Photograph of a male bird from No3 Bed John Morgan Hide 27/04/2013

 
229 Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a scarce visitor, usually all Reserve sightings are of birds flying over outside of the breeding season. The last record was of two flying over Butchersfield Tip during a Migration Watch on 9th September 2012.

2015 Records - no records submitted.

No Woolston image available

 
230 Snow Bunting

Plectrophenax nivalis

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a rare winter vagrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no reports submitted. The last record was on 27/10/1985.

No Woolton image available

 
231 Lapland Bunting

Calcarius lapponicus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a very rare passage migrant to Woolston.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was ???

No Woolston image available

 
232 Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, an uncommon species on the Reserve but regularly recorded as movements of neighbouring populations which breed on habitat to the north, south and east of the Reserve. Uses the feeding stations occasionally in autumn/winter periods.

2015 Records - This species breeds in small numbers on farmland adjacent to the eastern end of the Reserve and is an occasional visitor. After an increase in sightings last year, it was disappointing to have only two reports in 2015, though this can be partially explained by the lack of visits to the farmland to the east of Rixton Paddocks. The first was of an over-flying male by Butchersfield Tip on 18th April, while two were noted during the Migration Watch from the same area on 31st October. For the fifth consecutive year, none were ringed.

No Woolston image available

 
233 Ortolan Bunting

Emberiza hortulana

Status: rare passage migrant to the Reserve.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was ???

No Woolston image available

 
234 Little Bunting

Emberiza pusilla

Status: rare winter visitor.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was ???

No Woolston image available

 
235 Reed Bunting
235  Reed Bunting
Andy Weir

Emberiza schoeniclus

Status: BoCC4 amber-listed, a common bird across the whole Reserve throughout the year. Breeds on all four Beds.

2015 Records - Breeds on all four beds, though in declining numbers and often forms small winter roosts. A few were present on all beds during the first winter period, with a maximum count of 18 on No.3 bed on 31st January, where they were feeding on the winter seed crop. During the breeding season 18 males were in song across the Reserve, which shows a continued decline from 21 in 2014 and 35 the year before that. They were distributed as follows: 11 on No.1 bed, two on No.2 bed, three on No.3 bed and two on No.4 bed. Breeding was confirmed with an adult feeding young in front of the Linley Hide on 23rd May and a female carrying food near the Morgan Hide on 27th May. During the late autumn/winter the usual small roost formed in the eastern reed-bed on No.1 bed. Twenty were noted entering the roost on the evening of 19th October, with 60 there on 17th December.

The ringing data seems to confirm a poor year for the species, with the 63 ringed being the lowest total for almost thirty years. On No.1 bed, it was the worst year since 1995, with only 37 ringed, compared with 85 in 2014. A further 18 were caught from previous years, the oldest having been ringed on 4th October 2008. Seventeen adults were caught in breeding condition, 16 males and one female, but the first juvenile wasn’t caught until the late date of 11th August. On No.3 bed the situation was similar, producing the second lowest total in the last twelve years with just 26 ringed. The twelve year average for the bed is 48. The first juvenile was ringed on 12th August, which is the latest date in the last twelve years. Two birds were re-trapped from 2014, one from 2013 and two from 2012.

Photograph of a male bird from No3 Bed 06/07/2013

 
236 Corn Bunting

Miliaria calandra

Status: BoCC4 red-listed, a rare visitor to the Eyes although the surronding agricultural land to the north and south east hold small breeding populations.

2015 Records - no records submitted. The last report was on 04/12/2004.

No Woolston image available

 
E7 Red crested Pochard
E7 Red crested Pochard
Brian Burnett

Netta rufina

Status: Scare vagrant

2015 Records - There were no records of this species in 2015. The most recent sightings have been of a drake in 2013 and a pair present on No.3 bed on 19th April 2014.

Photograph of a pair from No3 bed 19th april 2014

 
E8 Bufflehead
E8 Bufflehead
Ian Greenwood

Bucephala albeola

**Status: - rare visitor, the 2015 bird was noted to have a green colour ring, indicating it was not a wild bird and is suspected to be the same individual seen in Norfolk and Fife in 2014.

2015 records - On 2nd May, there was great excitement on No.3 bed when a group of observers located a female Bufflehead. It eventually showed a green colour-ring, indicating that it was not a wild bird. What was almost certainly the same individual had been seen, during 2014, in Norfolk and Fife.

 

Bird Species Recorded at Woolston Eyes Reserve

Species English Latin
1 Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata
2 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
3 Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
4 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
5 Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus
6 Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
7 Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
8 Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus
9 Leach’s Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
10 Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
11 Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
12 Little Egret Egretta garzetta
13 Bittern Botaurus stellaris
14 Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
15 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
16 Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
17 Mute Swan Cygnus olor
18 Bewick’s Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii
19 Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
20 Pink Footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus
21 White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
22 Greylag Goose Anser anser
23 Canada Goose Branta canadensis
24 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
25 Brent Goose Branta bernicla
26 Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
27 Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
28 Mandarin Aix galericulata
29 Wigeon Anas penelope
30 Gadwall Anas strepera
31 Teal Anas crecca
32 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca carolinensis
33 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
34 Pintail Anas acuta
35 Garganey Anas querquedula
36 Shoveler Anas clypeata
37 Pochard Aythya ferina
38 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
39 Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
40 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
41 Scaup Aythya marila
42 Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
43 Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
44 Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
45 Smew Mergellus albellus
46 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus sator
47 Goosander Mergus merganser
48 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
49 Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
50 Red Kite Milvus milvus
51 Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
52 Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
53 Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
54 Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
55 Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
56 Buzzard Buteo buteo
57 Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus
58 Osprey Pandion haliaetus
59 Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
60 Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus
61 Merlin Falco columbarius
62 Hobby Falco subbuteo
63 Peregrine Falco peregrinus
64 Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
65 Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
66 Quail Coturnix coturnix
67 Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
68 Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
69 Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
70 Little Crake Porzana parva
71 Corncrake Crex crex
72 Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
73 Coot Fulica atra
74 Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
75 Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
76 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
77 Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
78 Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria
79 Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
80 Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
81 Knot Calidris canutus
82 Sanderling Calidris alba
83 Little Stint Calidris minuta
84 Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
85 White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
86 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
87 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
88 Dunlin Calidris alpina
89 Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis
90 Ruff Philomachus pugnax
91 Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
92 Snipe Gallinago gallinago
93 Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
94 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
95 Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
96 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
97 Curlew Numenius arquata
98 Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
99 Redshank Tringa totanus
100 Greenshank Tringa nebularia
101 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
102 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
103 Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
104 Turnstone Arenaria interpres
105 Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
106 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
107 Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
108 Great Skua Catharacta skua
109 Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
110 Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
111 Franklin’s Gull Larus pipixcan
112 Little Gull Larus minutus
113 Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
114 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
115 Common Gull Larus canus
116 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsi
117 Herring Gull Larus argentatus
118 Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides
119 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
120 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
121 Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
122 Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
123 Common Tern Sterna hirundo
124 Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
125 Little Tern Sterna albifrons
126 Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
127 Black Tern Chlidonias niger
128 White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
129 Feral Pigeon Columba livia
130 Stock Dove Columba oenas
131 Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
132 Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
133 Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
134 Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri
135 Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
136 Barn Owl Tyto alba
137 Little Owl Athene noctua
138 Tawny Owl Strix aluco
139 Long-eared Owl Asio otus
140 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
141 Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
142 Swift Apus apus
143 Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
144 Bee-eater Merops apiaster
145 Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
146 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
147 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
148 Skylark Alauda arvensis
149 Sand Martin Riparia riparia
150 Swallow Hirundo rustica
151 House Martin Delichon urbica
152 Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
153 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
154 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
155 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
156 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
157 Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba yarrelli
158 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba
159 Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
160 Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
161 Dunnock Prunella modularis
162 Robin Erithacus rubecula
163 Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
164 Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
165 Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
166 Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
167 Stonechat Saxicola torquata
168 Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
169 Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
170 Blackbird Turdus merula
171 Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
172 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
173 Redwing Turdus iliacus
174 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
175 Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
176 Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
177 Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
178 Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
179 Blyth’s Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
180 Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
181 Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
182 Whitethroat Sylvia communis
183 Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
184 Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
185 Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
186 Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
187 Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
188 Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
189 Goldcrest Regulus regulus
190 Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus
191 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
192 Pied Flycatcher Ficedula parva
193 Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus
194 Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
195 Marsh Tit Parus palustris
196 Willow Tit Parus montanus
197 Coal Tit Parus ater
198 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
199 Great Tit Parus major
200 Nuthatch Sitta europaea
201 Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
202 Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
203 Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
204 Jay Garrulus glandarius
205 Magpie Pica pica
206 Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
207 Jackdaw Corvus monedula
208 Rook Corvus frugilegus
209 Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone
210 Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix
211 Raven Corvus corax
212 Starling Sturnus vulgaris
213 House Sparrow Passer domesticus
214 Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
215 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
216 Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
217 Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
218 Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
219 Siskin Carduelis spinus
220 Linnet Carduelis cannabina
221 Twite Carduelis flavirostris
222 Redpoll Carduelis flammea
223 Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
224 Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
225 Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
226 Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus
227 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
228 Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
229 Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
230 Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
231 Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
232 Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra
   
ESCAPES
1 Black Swan Cygnus alratus
2 Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus
3 Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
4 Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus
5 White Cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
6 Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
7 Red Crested Pochard Netta rufina
8 Parakeet sp
9 Sulphur Crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita
10 Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus
11 Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
12 Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
13 Cinnamon Breasted Bunting Emberiza tahapisi
14 Lanner Falcon Falco biarmarcus
15 Zebra Finch Poephila guttata
 

Latest Sighting

2017-08-16

Lapwing (Vanellus vanillas) from the John Morgan Read more...

Become a Permit Holder

You can support Woolston Eyes Nature Reserve and conservation effort by becoming a permit holder.

Click here to find out more...

 

Permit Holders Login